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Solar and Lunar Eclipses in 2014-2015

By on March 1, 2014

Blood Moons

jr120[Ed. Note: The following article first appeared in the May 2008 issue of this magazine. J.R. wrote it as a follow-up to his then-recent television interview with Pastor Mark Biltz. On that program, Biltz had first revealed his remarkable thesis concerning the upcoming "blood moon" eclipses. In the years since, the Christian world has received that discovery with increasing excitement , encouraged by its prophetic implications. In this article, J.R. suggests that even as he was writing, a series of prophetic developments had already begun to be discernible: In fact, as we look back, 2008 was both the year of an epoch-making Presidential transformation and an economic crisis that has continued in the six years since.]

As you may know, this year is a Sabbatical Year in the Jewish Calendar. Starting next September 29, 2008, a new Sabbatical cycle will commence. It will run for seven years and conclude with another Sabbatical Year in 2014/15.

Also, you may know that Daniel’s seventieth week will be a seven year Sabbatical cycle. Students of biblical prophecy have long compared Daniel’s seventieth week with the Tribulation Period as laid out in the book of Revelation.

Intrigued with the Scriptures that repeat over and over again that our Savior’s Second Coming will be heralded with signs in the heavens, in which the sun will be turned into darkness and the moon into blood, Pastor Mark Biltz went on the Internet, to a U.S. Government website to see if he could find any solar or lunar eclipses over the next few years that might be significant.

To his surprise, he found four lunar eclipses and two solar eclipses in the Sabbatical Year of 2014 and 2015. Also, he noticed that they all appear on Jewish Holy Days!

Lunar Eclipses

The four lunar eclipses will occur on:
Passover, April 15, 2014
Feast of Tabernacles, October 8, 2014
Passover, April 4, 2015 and
Feast of Tabernacles, September 28, 2015

This is most unusual. It is a rare occurrence for four lunar cycles to happen on successive Passover and the Feast of Tabernacles (Sukkot) observances. It will not happen again for hundreds of years. However, Mark found that a series of four lunar eclipses on these particular holy days did occur in the twentieth century – not once, but twice! The first set occurred in 1949-1950, the year after Israel became a state! The second set happened in 1967-1968, the year Israel liberated Jerusalem! Such a phenomenon is nigh unto impossible, unless it was set up by Divine design. Mark looked back in history and noticed that the last time this set of four lunar eclipses occurred on Passover and Sukkot was in 1493, the year after Columbus sailed the ocean blue and Spain expelled all Jews.

Mark is convinced that God was telling the beleaguered Jews that He was fully aware of their circumstances! In that case, we wonder what is God telling the Jews in the 1949 and 1967 lunar eclipses? And, as we look at the next seven years, we wonder, “What is God telling Israel through the upcoming lunar eclipses?” Is it possible these are fulfilling biblical prophecies?

Solar Eclipses

In addition to the four lunar eclipses in 2014-15, Mark also found two solar eclipses. They will occur on:
Adar 29/Nisan 1, March 20, 2015
The Feast of Trumpets, September 13, 2015

These two dates are quite significant because they are special days in the Jewish calendar. For example, it was on Nisan 1, the first anniversary of the Exodus, that Moses raised up the tabernacle for the first time and the glory of God descended. Two weeks later, the Chosen People observed their first Pentecost since the Exodus. Nisan 1 marks the beginning of the religious festival cycle. Six months later, on Tishri 1, the Jews observe Rosh Hashanah, the Feast of Trumpets. This day is highly prophetic, because it is said to be the anniversary of the Creation of Adam. It is Adam’s birthday. And, even though it is a Jewish observance, it is prophetically significant as a day for Gentile nations. It is the day when God will sit down upon His throne of Judgment and take the books in his hand. That is when He will begin the judgment of the world. So, a solar eclipse on Rosh Hashanah could precede the Second Coming of Christ in power and great glory, and fulfill the biblical description.

The Solar Eclipse This Year (2008)

Coming up this summer, there will be the first of three solar eclipses on the day the introduces the first of Av (August 1, 2008). That’s right, all three solar eclipses will be on the biblical date of Av 1, for the next three years — 2008, 2009, and 2010. Our Gregorian calendar dates are:

Av 1 – August 1, 2008 – partial eclipse
Av 1 – July 22, 2009 – partial eclipse
Av 1 – July 11, 2010 – partial eclipse

In the Jewish calendar, they are all on the first of Av, the day when Jews lament the destruction of their temples. As the story goes, Moses caught the people worshiping the Golden Calf on Tammuz 17. Therefore, the three weeks from Tammuz 17 to Av 9 are called “the dark time” and “between the straits.” It is the most sorrowful time of the year for Jews. From Av 1-9, no bathing is allowed; no comforts; no clean clothes; the Jew takes his shoes off; sits on an overturned chair and reads the book of Lamentations.

However, there will come a time when God will reverse the fast days and turn them into feast days. Zechariah said:
“Thus saith the LORD of hosts; The fast of the fourth month [Tammuz 17], and the fast of the fifth [Av 9], and the fast of the seventh, and the fast of the tenth, shall be to the house of Judah joy and gladness, and cheerful feasts; therefore love the truth and peace” (Zech. 8:19).

may2008mag-bloodmoons

Mark Biltz seems to think that the solar eclipses on Av 1, could change the course of history, because solar eclipses are designed for Gentile nations, whereas lunar eclipses are designed for Israel. Therefore, he thinks that God could begin judging the nations this summer. Will there be a war in Israel this summer? It is entirely possible. If so, then the solar eclipse could be announcing judgment upon the world — a sobering thought!

Bible Predictions About the Sun and Moon

Now, let’s look at the places in the Bible that speak of the sun being darkened and the moon not giving her light. First of all, Isaiah wrote:

“Behold, the day of the LORD cometh, cruel both with wrath and fierce anger… the sun shall be darkened in his going forth, and the moon shall not cause her light to shine. “And I will punish the world for their evil, and the wicked for their iniquity; and I will cause the arrogancy of the proud to cease, and will lay low the haughtiness of the terrible” (Isa. 13:9-11).

We are told that this will occur in the “day of the LORD.” It is the time when God will punish the Gentile nations for their wickedness. We are not talking about ordinary everyday living, but gross wickedness against God and His Chosen People. God calls them arrogant, proud and haughty. He says that they are terrible, evil and wicked. It seems to me that he is referring to the nations that are trying to destroy Israel. Again, Isaiah said:

“Then the moon shall be confounded, and the sun ashamed, when the LORD of hosts shall reign in mount Zion, and in Jerusalem, and before his ancients gloriously” (Isa. 24:23).

Since neither the sun or moon has a conscience, the references to being confounded or ashamed seem to be metaphoric of the condition of man on earth. The darkening of the sun and moon, therefore, are signs of man’s condition. These conditions will prevail at the time of the Lord’s return to judge the wicked and establish His kingdom. Isaiah was the first prophet to write about solar and lunar eclipses, but Joel’s passages are the most widely quoted. Joel wrote:

“The earth shall quake before them; the heavens shall tremble: the sun and the moon shall be dark, and the stars shall withdraw their shining: “And the LORD shall utter his voice before his army: for his camp is very great: for he is strong that executeth his word: for the day of the LORD is great and very terrible; and who can abide it?” (Joel 2:10,11).

Again, Joel said: “And I will shew wonders in the heavens and in the earth, blood, and fire, and pillars of smoke. “The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and terrible day of the LORD come” (Joel 2:30,31).

Finally, Joel said: “Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision: for the day of the Lord is near in the valley of decision. “The sun and the moon shall be darkened, and the stars shall withdraw their shining” (Joel 3:14,15).

blood-moons-cycleIsaiah and Joel are the only Old Testament prophets that mentioned solar and lunar apparitions in the day of the LORD. In each case, however, it is apparent that they are referring to events that precede the messianic kingdom. Joel adds earthquakes, blood, fire and pillars of smoke. I think he is describing the battles that attend the Tribulation Period, especially the final Battle of Armageddon.

Passages From the New Testament

In the New Testament Gospel of Matthew, Jesus said:

“Immediately after the tribulation of those days shall the sun be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light, and the stars shall fall from heaven, and the powers of the heavens shall be shaken: “And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory” (Matt. 24:29,30).

In His Olivet discourse, Jesus described His glorious appearing at the close of the Tribulation Period. My guess (and its only a guess) is that the darkening of the sun and moon could be eclipses. Stars falling from heaven could be missiles used in the war. Powers of the heavens being shaken could refer to many nuclear explosions around the world, disrupting the atmosphere. The “sign” of the Son of Man, could be His actual appearance in “the clouds of heaven.” The clouds may be an ancient description of celestial vehicles, rather than simple clouds. The only clouds that prompt fear today is the kind with a twister coming out of them. Therefore, I think the term “clouds” is used to describe something that flies in the sky. The Gospel of Mark repeats the Savior’s statement:

“But in those days, after that tribulation, the sun shall be darkened, and the moon shall not give her light” (Mark 13:24).

Luke also records the occasion:

“And there shall be signs in the sun, and in the moon, and in the stars; and upon the earth distress of nations, with perplexity; the sea and the waves roaring; “Men’s hearts failing them for fear, and for looking after those things which are coming on the earth: for the powers of heaven shall be shaken. And then shall they see the Son of man coming in a cloud with power and great glory” (Luke 21:25-27).

On the day of Pentecost, Peter quoted Joel’s prophecy:

“The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before the great and notable day of the Lord come: “And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the Lord shall be saved” (Acts 2:20,21).

In the book of Revelation, John enlarged upon the prophecy:

“And I beheld when he had opened the sixth seal, and, lo, there was a great earthquake; and the sun became black as sackcloth of hair, and the moon became as blood; “And the stars of heaven fell unto the earth, even as a fig tree casteth her untimely figs, when she is shaken of a mighty wind” (Rev. 6:12,13).

blood-moons-feature“And the fourth angel sounded, and the third part of the sun was smitten, and the third part of the moon, and the third part of the stars; so as the third part of them was darkened, and the day shone not for a third part of it, and the night likewise” (Rev. 8:12,). The idea that a third of the sun is smitten may be a reference to a partial eclipse, similar to the one that will occur on Rosh Hashanah in the Jewish year 5775 — September 13, 2015.

These are the biblical passages that deal with the subject. We cannot tell you that the solar and lunar eclipses that will occur in 2008, 2009, 2010, 2014, and 2015 are the fulfilments of Biblical prophecy, but they are fascinating enough to issue, not a warning, but a watch. As we have said for years at the close of each of our telecasts, “Keep looking up!”

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The Gospel in the Stars: Part 3

By on March 17, 2012

The twelve major constellations along with their sidereal sidepieces present the original drama of the ages in the form of what I call a Three-Act play. Act One is presented through the first four constellations — Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, and Sagittarius. It begins in Bethlehem with the birth of the “Seed” of the woman, and establishes His conflict with and victory over Scorpio — the “seed” of the serpent. Act Two is presented through four constellations — Capricorn, Aquarius, Pisces and Aries. They represent the Church Age and New Testament Christianity, whose astronomical symbol is a fish. The last four constellations, along with their sidereal sidepieces, represent the concluding act in the great drama of the ages — The Tribulation Period followed by the Second Coming of Christ. It is presented through the constellations Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, and Leo.

Taurus

The sign of Taurus opens Act Three, showing us the coming of the Judge of all the earth. Taurus is pictured as a raging bull, coming furiously. Only the front half of the bull is depicted in the constellation. Where the back end of the bull would normally be drawn stands the constellation Aries, the Lamb — as if the bull is coming out of Aires. It is a magnificent picture of Christ who came the first time as the Lamb of God to take away the sins of the world, but will return one day bringing judgment upon the wicked.

Taurus is unlike domestic bulls. It was probably an animal that is now extinct — a ferocious relative of domestic cattle, called “Rimu” in the Hebrew Scriptures. Rimu is translated “unicorn” in the King James Version of the Bible and was thought to be a mythological, one-horned creature. However, it was more likely a large wild ox. Famous for its size and ferocity, it may have survived until the times of the Roman Ceasars, but is now extinct. The wild bull, or Rimu, was a symbol of power and rule.

Balaam, described the power of Jehovah on behalf of Israel in Numbers 23:22 when he said, “God brought them out of Egypt; he hath as it were the strength of an unicorn” (Rimu).

Taurus is the sign of coming judgment. It is the “day of vengeance of our God” (Isaiah 61:20). It is a “day of wrath” (Rom. 2:5) from which we shall be delivered for “God hath not appointed us to wrath” (I Thes. 5:9). Taurus means “governer, captain, or leader.” In the shoulder of Taurus is a group of stars known as the Pleiades, meaning “congregation of the judge.”

Auriga

One of three sidereal sidepieces, which help to tell the story of Taurus, is the constellation Auriga. It is the picture of the Great Shepherd. He sits calmly above the rushing bull, holding a mother goat that has just given birth to a pair of kids in his lap. In the heart of the goat is a brilliant star called Capella, meaning “she goat.” A small triangle of stars near Capella is called Haedi, meaning “the kids,” and marks the two offspring of the mother goat in the lap of Auriga. It is an ancient picture of the great shepherd protecting his people from the day of wrath.

There is a bright star in the foot of the shepherd called Elnath, meaning “the wounded.” It reminds us that the coming Judge is the one who was “wounded for our transgressions” (Isaiah 53:5). Elnath reminds us that our Savior was to be wounded in the heel, as predicted in Genesis 3:15.

Orion

The second sidereal sidepiece is Orion, which is said to be the most spectacular and wonderful sight in the night sky. Orion is pictured as a mighty hunter with a club in his right hand. In his left hand, he holds the skin of a lion that he has killed. Orion is mentioned twice in the book of Job and once in the prophecy of Amos. Orion means “coming forth as light.”

The brightest star in the constellation is Betelgeuse, meaning “the coming of the branch.” Another star in his foot is Rigel, meaning “the foot that crushes.” In the shoulder of the constellation is a star called Bellatrix, meaning “quickly coming.” In his leg is a star called Saiph meaning, “bruised.” Again, as in every other case, we are reminded of Christ crushing the head of the seed of the serpent. Orion is obviously a picture of Christ coming in power and great glory.

Eridanus

The third sidereal sidepiece is Eridanus, the “river of fire,” flowing from the raised foot of Orion. It represents the method by which Christ will crush the head of the seed of the serpent. Josephus tells us that Adam received a prophecy that God would destroy the world twice — once with water and once with fire. Eridanus represents the judgment of fire. It runs across the heavens toward the south. In the river are several named stars: Archernar means “the afterpart of the river;” Cursa means “bent down;” and Zourac means “flowing.” This is a magnificent prophetic message found in the constellation Taurus. It opens the final act in this great drama of the ages flowing out upon a starlit stage — the panarama of the night sky.

Gemini

The next major constellation is Gemini. In the star chart, it is pictured as a pair of twin boys. However, in the ancient Denderah Zodiac of Egypt, it was depicted as a man and a woman. In the coptic language, Gemini was called Pi-mahi, meaning “the united.” I believe it represents the Savior and His bride.

There are two stars, which mark the heads of the two people in Gemini — Castor and Pollux. These are Latin names. You may recall in Acts 28:11, the Apostle Paul traveled on a ship, “whose sign was Castor and Pollux.” Castor means “ruler or judge” and Pollux means “who comes to suffer.” Again, we are reminded of the suffering Savior who will come one day to be united with His bride. He is destined to rule over the Earth as King of kings and Lord of lords.

Canis Major

Like the other major constellations there are three sidereal sidepieces, which help to tell the story of Gemini. The first is Canis Major. It is depicted as a large dog and should be considered along with the second sidereal sidepiece, Canis Minor — a small dog. Over the centuries, these two constellations lost their original significance. The Greeks supposed them to be the hunting dogs of Orion when, in fact, the names of the stars in Canis Major and Canis Minor reveal that they were not originally dogs at all, but pictures of the Prince of Peace and Redeemer of the world.

The most significant star Canis Major is Sirius — the brightest star in the entire heavens. It is only nine light years away, making it one of Earth’s nearest neighbors among the millions of stars. Sirius is the most glorious star in the sky, meaning “the Prince.” It is the root word from which we derive the title, “Sir.”

Canis Minor

Canis Minor is represented as a lesser dog. It is a small group of stars just south of Gemini. Though the original meaning of Canis Minor has long since been obscured, we can easily determine its original meaning through the bright star Procyon, meaning “Redeemer or Savior.” That is the true meaning of the constellation. Long ago, the Egyptians called it Sebak, meaning “the conquering or victorious.” Both Canis Major and Canis Minor help to tell the story of the coming conquering Redeemer.

Lepus

The third sidereal sidepiece is Lepus. In the star chart it is depicted as a rabbit, but in the most ancient zodiacs, it was a snake. It is located just below Orion, the glorious prince who crushes the head of Lepus, the serpent. There is a star in Orion’s raised foot called Rigel, meaning “the foot that crushes.”

The brightest star in Lepus is Arneb, meaning “the enemy of him who comes.” There is another star called Nihal, meaning “the mad” and another star Sulya, meaning “the deceiver.” Yes, the major constellation Gemini, along with its sidereal sidepieces represents the coming Bridegroom as Prince of Peace, Savior, and Redeemer who will conquer the enemy trodden underfoot. He is coming to rapture the saints, thus keeping us from going through the Tribulation Period.

In Luke 21:25, Jesus said that the last days would be characterized by signs in the sun, in the moon, and in the stars. One day, our Savior will come to carry out those great prophecies found in the stars. When God created the heavens, He gave the stars certain names, the meanings of which tell the story of God’s great plan of the ages. God gave this story to Adam and his offspring. According to Flavius Josephus, Seth, the son of Adam, invented that “peculiar science which deals with the heavenly bodies and their order.”

Cancer

The eleventh constellation is Cancer. It is depicted as a crab and denotes that which is born of water. This reminds us of New Testament Christianity whose symbol is that of a fish, for we have been born of water — a type of the Holy Spirit. The crab has an unusual feature. Periodically, it sheds its outer skin and comes forth with what appears to be new life. The symbol represents Resurrection of those New Testament saints, who are a part of the Rapture and accompany the translated living saints to heaven.

According to E. W. Bullinger, in his book, The Witness of the Stars, the sign of Cancer was represented in an ancient Egyptian Zodiac as a scarab beetle, but the implication was the same. In ancient Egypt, the scarab would crawl under a rock. Later, the beetle would break open the shell of its body and emerge as a beautiful winged creature to fly away. Again, the implication is that of Resurrection.

According to Kenneth C. Fleming, in his book God’s Voice in the Stars the word Cancer comes from a root word meaning “to hold or encircle.” For that reason, Fleming believes the constellation refers to an ancient eastern inn where the animals were kept for safety. In another ancient Zodiac the constellation was called Klaria, meaning “cattle-folds.” If this is the meaning of Cancer, then it is a picture of heaven — where the Shepherd keeps His sheep! That is still in keeping with the overall concept of the Resurrection and Rapture.

There are several stars in Cancer. The brightest star is Tegmine, meaning “holding;” another star, Acubene, means “sheltering or hiding place;” Ma’Alaph means “assembled thousands;” Al Himarean means the “kids or lambs;” and a cluster of stars in the middle of the constellation, Praesepe, means “multitude.” It is a beautiful view of that day when we shall be transported into heaven to stand before our Savior.

“In my Father’s house are many mansions,” said Jesus. “If it were not so I would have told you. I go to prepare a place for you, and if I go and prepare a place for you, I will come again and receive you unto myself, that where I am, there you may be also” (John 14:1-3). What a magnificent promise!

Ursa Minor

There are three sidereal sidepieces, which help to tell the story of Cancer. The first attending constellation is Ursa Minor, known today as the Little Dipper. Before the constellation became a dipper, it was referred to as a bear. However, the bear does not appear at all in the old Zodiacs of Chaldea, Persia, Egypt, or India. Long before the constellation became a bear, it was pictured as a sheepfold. It represents heaven, the place where the Great Shepherd keeps His sheep.

There are seven bright stars in Ursa Minor, but a total of 24, which make up the complete constellation. The seven stars remind us of the seven lamps of fire which burn before the throne of God, and the 24 stars remind us of the 24 elders in Revelation 4, which are seated around the throne of God.

The most significant star in Ursa Minor is Polaris. It is called the North Star, and we are reminded of Isaiah 14:13, which indicated that heaven was pictured in the “sides of the north.” This does not mean that heaven revolves above the North Pole. It simply means that in the ancient constellations the north represented heaven, while the south represented hell.

The Greeks called Ursa Minor by the name Arcas, from which we get words like “arctic” in English. Arcas means bear, but the root meaning is “the stronghold of the saved.”

There is a star in the constellation called Kochab, meaning “waiting for the coming;” another star, Alkaid, means “the assembled;” and yet another, Alpherkdain, means “the redeemed assembly.”

Ursa Major

Another sidereal sidepiece is Ursa Major, which, along with Ursa Minor, seems to tell the same story. Though it is depicted as the Big Dipper, it orginally referred to “the assembled flock.” As in the case of Ursa Minor, there are also seven bright stars, which make up the constellation of Ursa Major. The brightest star is Dubeh, meaning “herd or flock;” Merach means “the flock purchased;” Phaeda means “visited, guarded, or numbered;” and Benet Naish means “the daughters of the assembly.”

It is a magnificent view of the vast assembly of believers who are reserved in heaven today awaiting the resurrection. Both Ursa Major and Ursa Minor compliment the constellation Cancer by representing the great sheepfold in heaven where the Shepherd keeps redeemed believers.

Argo

The third sidereal sidepiece to Cancer is a ship called Argo. It was the celebrated ship of the Argonauts. According to Greek mythology, its captain, Jason, recovered the Golden Fleece from the serpent. To do so, of course, he had to fight both a dragon and a giant. From the ancient mythological story we can glean the true meaning of the “old ship Zion thus sailing along.” I think it represents Heaven’s “clouds” — possibly the celestial transportation vehicles for resurrected and translated saints. Jason could have been an ancient story of the Redeemer; the Golden Fleece is a symbol of eternal life; the dragon is symbolic of Satan; and the giant could represent the largest of all earthly wars — Armageddon.

Of the stars in the constellation, the brightest is Canopus, meaning “the possession of him who comes.” Another star, Sephina, means “the multitude.” They appear to represent the ship of our salvation. Such is the story to be found in the great constellation of Cancer.

Leo

Now we come to the end of the circle. We began with Virgo, the virgin, and we shall end with Leo, the lion. No one who has followed our study can doubt that we have here the solving of the riddle in the Sphinx, for its head is Virgo, and its body is Leo. In Leo we reach the end of the revelation as inspired in the Word of God.

The constellation is depicted as a great lion pouncing upon its prey. It is a magnificent view of the “Lion of the tribe of Judah,” so beautifully described in Revelation 5:5. When our Savior came the first time, He came as the “Lamb of God, which taketh away the sins of the world” (John 1:29). But when He comes the second time, He shall come as the “Lion of the tribe of Judah” to establish His kingdom upon the Earth.

Hydra

Like the other major constellations, there are three sidereal sidepieces, which help to tell the story of Leo. The first is Hydra — the many-headed serpent. It is a huge constellation extending approximately one-third the distance around the circle of the heavens, reminding us that Satan’s “tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven” (Rev. 12:4). Hydra means, “he is abhorred!” It is composed of 60 stars — a multiple of the number six. The idea with Hydra is that when one cuts off its head, two grow back in its place. He is the great red dragon known as Satan.

Crater

The second sidereal sidepiece is called Crater and is represented as a cup, bowl, or vial of God’s wrath being poured out upon Hydra. I think it is significant that the constellation is made up of 13 stars, the number of “ill omen.” It reminds us of the story in Revelation 15 and 16 where seven angels take up vials of wrath and pour them out upon the kingdom of the Antichrist.

Corvus

Finally, the third sidereal sidepiece is Corvus. It is the view of a bird eating the flesh of Hydra. We are reminded of that day when the birds will come to eat the flesh of the slain on the battlefields of Armageddon.

Leo, the lion, is seen jumping on Hydra — ripping, tearing, and destroying him. Here is the conclusion of the whole matter. Here is the final triumph of the Son of God and the consummated victory of the “Seed” of the woman over the “seed” of the serpent.

So, there you have it. The constellations were named by our great Creator, and prepared to tell the story of redemption for fallen humanity. The message was given to Seth, the son of Adam. For 2,500 years, before the writing of Genesis, those early civilizations were able to study the message of God’s love and redemption. That is the message of those mysterious signs in the heavens.

The Gospel in the Stars: Part 2

By on July 17, 2011

Today, the average adult cannot tell the names of the stars or the constellations that map out our night sky. Some can point to the North Star and make out the Little Dipper, but that is about the extent of it. However, if we look back several generations, to a time when there were no streetlights and no TVs, we find that most ancient civilizations, including the Mayans, were very aware of the cosmos and its religious connotations.

What is remarkable about the constellations, is that they were virtually the same in every civilization. Few cultures went out on their own and proposed a group of stars under the symbol of a different animal. And when they did, it was only a minor change. For example, Cancer, seen today as a Crab, was once depicted as a Scarab Beetle in ancient Egypt. Libra, seen in most Zodiacs as a Scales, was depicted in ancient Babylon as a Lamp. Ancient China invented a few extra constellations, but for the most part, the constellations showed little change among the varied ancient civilizations. As the languages were changed, some names were changed, but there are still enough stars bearing the same names to show a single star chart for all nations. Though separated by thousands of miles, with no means of communication, Virgo was always a virgin and Leo was always a lion. This shows that at one time, all people lived together and saw continuity among the constellations.

Furthermore, no single group of people made up the constellations for all the other people on the planet. If so, then at least some of the constellations would be different. You’ve heard that if you get two theologians together, you have three opinions? Well, if men were given the task of mapping out the night sky, they could have never reached consent. The constellations as we know them had to be the product of Deity and imposed upon the population for religious purposes.
The fact that the constellations depict the Gospel story points back to the fact that God was definitely involved in preparing the symbols to conform to the Bible. Genesis 1:14 tells us, “God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heavens to divide the day from the night, and let them be for signs …” Notice that the verse is located in the very first chapter of the Bible. That makes the constellations very meaningful in the scheme of things. And, as we shall see in these studies, the story starts with Bethlehem and the First Advent of Christ; and concludes with Leo and His Second Advent.

The twelve major constellations, along with their thirty-six sidereal sidepieces, present the original drama of the ages in the form of what I call a three-act play. Act One is presented in the first four major constellations — Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, and Sagittarius. It began in Bethlehem with the birth of the “Seed” of the woman, and established His conflict with Scorpio — the “seed” of the serpent.

Act Two of this great drama is presented through the constellations of Capricorn, Aquarius, Pisces, and Aries. These signs, together with their smaller constellations or sidereal sidepieces, explain not so much the person of the Redeemer, as the results of His redeeming work, particularly in relationship to the people who are redeemed, whose symbol is a fish.

Capricorn

The curtain rises with a very unlikely actor on the stage. It is a dying goat with the lively tail of a fish. This strange creature offers a profound message when we understand that the goat represents the sacrificial animal used on the Day of Atonement and the fish represents that body of believers who have received life out of the death of the great sacrifice.

Jesus is the fulfillment of the sacrificial goat and the lively tail of the fish represents the believers of the Church Age. It is important to note that the goat appears to be dying with its head bowed and its leg folded, while the fish is living and vigorous.

There are two stars in the head of the goat that tell the story. Daneb Algedi, which means “the sacrifice comes,” and Dabih, which means “the sacrifice slain.” Note that from the dying goat comes a living fish. Furthermore, the Bible teaches that Christ is the head of the Church while, in turn, the Church represents the body of Christ — thus the head of a goat and body of a fish. When Jesus appointed His first disciples in Matthew 4:19, He said, “I will make you fishers of men.”

Sagita There are three sidereal sidepieces that help to tell the story of Capricorn. First, there is a small but ancient constellation called Sagitta — the arrow of God’s judgment against sin. It represents that which pierced the Son of God when He became the sacrifice for the sins of the world. It depicts the instrument of divine justice on Christ who took the place of guilty man.

The Psalmist wrote about it in Psalm 38:2, “Thine arrows stick fast in me, and thy hand presseth me sore.” Job spoke of a similar thing when he lamented, “The arrows of the almighty are within me” (Job 6:4). Every born-again believer can appreciate with deep feeling that “He was wounded for our transgressions” (Isaiah 53:5).

Aquilla

The second sidereal sidepiece is Aquilla — the falling eagle. The ancient names for the stars in the constellation tell the obvious story. There is a star in the falling eagle called Al Okal, which means “wounded in the heel.”

Furthermore, the eagle is one of the symbols of Christ in the Bible. For instance, in Exodus 19:4, God spoke to Moses and the children of Israel saying, “I bear you on eagle’s wings, and brought you unto myself.”

Kenneth C. Fleming, in his book, God’s Voice in the Stars, put it this way: “The eagle seen in this constellation is consistent with what we have noted in the whole sign of Capricorn. The slain goat of the sin offering is followed by the arrow of God’s judgment and the pierced and falling eagle.”

Delphinus

The third sidereal sidepiece is a constellation called Delphinus. It represents a dolphin, springing out of water. It is the picture of resurrection. Our Savior died to rise again. Furthermore, the dolphin is another creature born of water — and water is a type of the Holy Spirit in the Bible. The resurrected dolphin represents eternal life given to all who believe.

Aquarius

The next major constellation following Capricorn is Aquarius — the great water bearer. Our Savior identified Himself as the fulfillment of Aquarius in John 4:14. He said, “Whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.”

Furthermore, we can see its fulfillment on the Day of Pentecost when the Spirit of God was poured out upon believers. That is the message to be found in Aquarius. Throughout the Bible, water has been symbolic of the Holy Spirit.

The prophet Joel described it when he wrote, “And it shall come to pass afterward that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh” (Joel 2:28).

The Apostle Peter repeated the message on the Day of Pentecost when he explained the “rushing mighty wind” and the “tongues like as of fire” that “sat upon each of them.” The message in the constellation Aquarius found its ultimate fulfillment through the Day of Pentecost.

Pisces Australis

The water bearer can be seen pouring out his water upon Pisces Australis, the Southern Fish — the first of three sidereal sidepieces. The fish represents that which was born of water and of the spirit — that great body of believers down through the ages.

Cygnus

The second sidereal sidepiece in the constellation Aquarius is called Cygnus — the Swan of the Northern Cross. The constellation reveals a beautiful swan flying across the heavens, but the stars form the shape of a cross. It implies the message of “going to and fro throughout the earth bearing the sign of the cross.” This represents carrying the Gospel message around the world. Jesus said, “Ye shall be witnesses unto me both in Jerusalem, and in all Judea, and in Samaria, and unto the uttermost part of the Earth” (Acts 1:8).

Pegasus

The third sidereal sidepiece is a flying white horse named Pegasus. Its message is that of the returning Christ. Revelation 19 reveals the beautiful story:
“And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war.”

“His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself.

“And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God” (Revelation 19:11-13).

This is the message to be found in Pegasus. The dispensation begins with the pouring out of His Spirit upon all flesh as seen by the great water bearer. The constellation Pisces Austrinus represents that vast throng of believers who have received the water of life. During this dispensation, it is our responsibility to go to and fro throughout the earth bearing the sign of the cross ascanbeseenintheconstellationCygnus. Finally, the dispensation will end with the return of Jesus Christ in power and great glory on the back of a flying white horse as seen by the constellation Pegasus.

In the shoulder of Pegasus there is a bright star called Markab. It means “returning from afar.” For more than 2,500 years the world was without a written revelation from God. The question is, “Did God leave Himself without a witness?” We are told in the Scriptures that He did not. In Romans 1:19, it is written, “That which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them. For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse.”

But how was God known? How were His invisible things — His plans, His purposes, and His councils known since the creation of the world? We are given the answer in Roman 10:18. Having stated in verse 17 that “faith cometh by hearing and hearing by the word of God,” He asks, “But I say, Have they not heard? Yes verily.” And we may ask, “How have they heard?” The answer follows; “Their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world” (Romans 10:18).

What words? What instructions? Whose message? There is only one answer and that is the heavens! Long before there was a written Bible, there was a message written in the stars. Romans 10:18 refers to that message. It is a passage quoted from Psalm 19, the first part of which is occupied with the revelation of God written in the stars, and the latter part of the chapter with the revelation of God written in the word. This is the simple explanation of the beautiful Psalm 19:1-2:

“The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork. “Day unto day uttereth speech, and
night unto night sheweth knowledge.”

Pisces

In the ancient Mazzaroth, Pisces is shown as two fish with their tails tied together by a band. The constellation with its sidereal sidepieces represents a vast body of believers who have received the water of life down through the centuries. There are two fish, one horizontal and the other vertical. We should note that Pisces was the symbol of Israel and adopted by early Christianity. It is entirely possible that the horizontal fish represents Israel, the earthly Chosen People, while the vertical fish represents a heavenly people. The symbol of Christianity has always been the ish. The disciples became the first fishers of men and following them are the great soul winners of history.

In John 21, our Savior stood on the shore of Galilee early in the morning to inquire of the disciples if they had caught any fish. At His request, they pitched their nets on the other side of the ship and brought to shore 153 fish. The story appears to be a prophetic indication of Gentile Christianity gathered during the dispensation of Grace.

The Band

Pisces is represented by two fish that are bound together with an attending sidereal sidepiece called the “Band.” Note that the band is connected to the neck of Cetus, the sea monster. Believers are bound to this world system, awaiting the day when our Savior (as seen in Aries) will come to break the bands and set us free.

Andromeda

The second sidereal sidepiece to the constellation Pisces is Andromeda — the chained woman. It is the view of a woman with fetters upon her wrists and ankles. Andromeda means, “the assembly.”

She is fastened down so that she is unable to rise. It is the same picture as is given by the fettered fish. She represents that vast assembly of believers — the Bride of Christ. We await the coming of our bridegroom to break the fetters and set us free.

Cepheus

The third sidereal sidepiece is Cepheus — the crowned king. Cepheus is the figure of a glorious king wearing his royal robe and having on his head a crown of stars. On his right shoulder shines a star called Al Deramin meaning, “the quickly returning.” In the middle of the constellation shines the star Al Phirk, which means “the redeemer.” In the left knee is still another star called Al Rai, which means “the shepherd.” The word Cepheus means “the royal branch, the king.”
Pisces, then, with its three sidereal sidepieces tells the story of the Bride of Christ bound in the chains of diversity, awaiting that day when the King, our great Bridegroom, will come to set us free and take us home.

Aries

The whole story, however, cannot be found in Pisces alone. The next major constellation is Aries, which, along with its sidereal sidepieces, must be considered in order to fully understand the message found in Pisces. The band that holds the two fish together is attached to the neck of Cetus, the sea monster. At the same time, however, the leg of Aries appears to break the bands. Elnath, the brightest star in the constellation means “the wounded, or slain.” The name Aries means “chief” or “head.”

Andromeda, the chained woman in the constellation Pisces, is set free by Perseus, a sidereal sidepiece to Aries. Andromeda then becomes Cassiopeia, the enthroned queen in the constellation Aries, who is married to Cepheus, the enthroned king in the constellation Pisces.

Aries is the fourth major sign in Act Two of the great drama. The four major constellations of Capricorn, Aquarius, Pisces, and Aries, give a picture of the blessings of salvation. Capricorn represents Christ, the sacrificial head of the Church. Aquarius represents Christ who pours out His Spirit upon all who believe. Pisces represents that vast body of believers who receive the Water of Life, and Aries represents Christ as the Lamb of God that “… taketh away the sins of the world.”

Cassiopeia

The first sidereal sidepiece to Aries is Cassiopeia, pictured as a woman sitting upon a throne. With her left hand she is fixing her hair and with her right hand she adjusts her robes. She seems to be making herself ready for her upcoming marriage to King Cepheus who sits nearby upon his throne. She is the Andromeda whose chains have been broken to set her free.

Perseus

The second sidereal sidepiece is Perseus. He is pictured as a strong soldier with a helmet on his head and a great sword in his right hand. In his left hand he carries the head of Medusa (his adversary) dripping with blood. Medusa means “the trodden under foot.”

The principal star in its head is called Al Ghoul meaning, “the evil spirit.” Another star is called Rosh Satan meaning, “the head of Satan.” Each hair in the head of Satan is shown as a snake. The whole picture is that of Satan being wounded in his head.

Perseus is a picture of Christ, the great hero who comes to Andromeda, breaks her chains and sets her free. The word Perseus means “the breaker.” This is the same word used by Micah, the prophet, when referring to the future Messiah: “The breaker is come up before them … and their king shall pass before them, and the Lord on the head of them” (Micah 2:13).

Cetus

The final sidereal sidepiece to Aries is Cetus, the great enemy subdued and bound. Cetus is the largest of all the constellations in the sky. It lies to the south of the ecliptic, which places him on the hell side of the starry heavens rather than on the heaven side, for God sits in the “sides of the north.”

There is a star in the neck of the monster called Mira. It means “rebel” and fits very well the character of the constellation — picturing Satan as the enemy and first rebel against God. The brightest star in the head is called Menkar. It means “the bound or chained enemy.”

He is that Leviathan rising out of the sea in Revelation 13. Just as we are freed from this world system by a pre-tribulation rapture and resurrection, Cetus rises to establish the kingdom of the Antichrist.

Cetus, the sea monster, concludes Act Two of our three-act drama by being bound and chained. In Act One, our Savior is seen saving us from the penalty of sin. In Act Two, He can be seen saving us from the power of sin. As we shall see next month, Act Three will show the Savior saving us from the presence of sin.

The Gospel in the Stars: Part 1

By on July 17, 2011

Long before men perverted the message of the constellations and established ancient idolatry, God named the stars and set them in the heavens for signs:

“And God said, Let there be lights in the firmament of the heaven to divide the day from the night; and let them be for signs, and for seasons, and for days, and years” (Genesis 1:14).

The book of Job predates the writing of Genesis. Though it is part of the Bible, it was written about a man who lived before Moses. Job had no written Bible. The Bible this ancient pilgrim read consisted of a series of constellations that appeared in the night skies high above the earth.

There are references to these constellations in the book of Job, along with an explanation of why they appear as they do in the heavens. Job 26 tells us that the “crooked serpent” is one of God’s leading characters in this drama of the ages and that these constellations — these “pillars of heaven” — make up the “parts” of God’s “ways”:

“The pillars of heaven tremble and are astonished at his reproof.

“By his spirit he hath garnished the heavens; his hand hath formed the crooked serpent.

Lo, these are parts of his ways …  (Job 26:11,13-14).

These verses explain that the constellations were devised to teach early man about God’s plan for redemption. In the writings of his five famous books, Moses noted that the sun, moon, planets and stars were given for “signs” (Genesis 1:14).

In The Gospel in the Stars, Joseph Seiss wrote: “For ages this whole field has been almost entirely left to a superstitious and idolatrous astrology, which has befouled a noble and divine science and done immeasurable damage to the souls of men. But we here find it claimed to be a sacred domain laid out of God in the original intent of Creation itself.”

Cicero, in translating the account of the constellations by Aratus, says, “The signs are measured out, that in so many descriptions divine wisdom might appear.”

Dr. Adam Clarke says of the ancient Egyptians, “They held the stars to be symbols of sacred things.” It is well known that “astronomy was the soul of the Egyptian religious system. The same is equally true of the Chaldeans and Assyrians.”

Albert Barnes once wrote: “There can be no doubt that Job refers here to the constellations,” and that “the sense in the passage is, that the greatness and glory of God are seen by forming the beautiful and glorious constellations that adorn the sky.”

The constellations were known and studied as far back as the earliest civilizations known to exist. The Sphinx that guards the Great Pyramid of Giza, with its woman’s head and lion’s body, testifies to the ancient existence of the constellations. The Zodiac is part of every ancient culture – the Romans, Greeks, Babylonians and Egyptians. Yet, before them all, Job confirmed that God had garnished the heavens with “pillars” — including the “crooked serpent” — and that they represent the “parts of his ways.” 

The Characters in the Drama

The “serpent” mentioned in Job 26:13 is one of the leading characters noted in Job’s Mazzaroth (Zodiac). The various constellations that refer to the serpent are:

Draco – a dragon curled around the northern polar star and whose tail covers a third of the circle of the heavens.

Cetus – the Leviathan or sea dragon.

Scorpio – the seed of the serpent.

Hydra – the many-headed dragon, whose tail also covers a third of the ecliptic path of the sun.

The Hebrew term used for “crooked” actually refers to a “fleeing” serpent. Among the various serpent figures in the Zodiac, Hydra is the only one seen trying to get away from the lion, who pounces on his head; the bird, who eats his flesh; and the bowl of wrath being poured out upon him. Therefore, Hydra appears to be the “fleeing serpent” referred to in this most ancient of Old Testament books.

Job knew about the story God had placed in the stars. It is the story of the conflict between the Seed of the woman (Virgo) and Scorpio, the seed of the serpent. The son of Virgo is none other than the Son of God, while Scorpio points to the Antichrist.

Christ is depicted in the constellations in various ways. The first and last constellations tell the story of the Savior. They are Virgo – who bears the Son of God and Leo – the Conquering Lion who comes to destroy Hydra, the many-headed Dragon. The story begins in Bethlehem and ends with the King of kings returning to conquer the old serpent who brought such ruin to the human race.

Job does not give a detailed account of the Zodiac, but refers briefly to those constellations that deal with the final judgment. He is asked about certain objects in the constellation of Taurus. It is quite remarkable that the conversation lands on this particular series of stars and sidereal sidepieces in Taurus because this is the constellation that deals with the “Day of the Lord.”  Note that God refers to a group of stars called the Pleiades and the constellation of Orion, both found in and around Taurus. Then Job refers to Arcturus (KJV), whose name in Hebrew is Ash  “bear,” a clear reference to Ursa Major; and finally to the “chambers of the south”:

“Which alone spreadeth out the heavens, and treadeth upon the waves of the sea.

“Which maketh Arcturus, Orion, and Pleiades, and the chambers of the south.

“Which doeth great things past finding out; yea, and wonders without number” (Job 9:8-10).

Before we look at these, let us note one other passage that deals with these same constellations. Note that the ancient star chart is called by its Hebrew term, “Mazzaroth,” rather than the modern term, Zodiac:

“Canst thou bind the sweet influences of Pleiades, or loose the bands of Orion?

“Canst thou bring forth Mazzaroth in his season? or canst thou guide Arcturus with his sons? 

“Knowest thou the ordinances of heaven? canst thou set the dominion thereof in the earth? (Job 38:31-33)

This is a powerful statement that connects the last four constellations with a future designated time in which the mighty Orion returns to judge the world — as seen in the four concluding constellations of Taurus, Gemini, Cancer and Leo. These are the “ordinances of heaven” that, evidently, Job did not understand.

The seven stars of Pleiades may be a reference to the seven churches of Asia. In ancient Greek mythology, Pleiades were seven sisters loved by Orion. Their astronomical positions in relation to each other are similar to the various locations of the seven cities of ancient Asia. The “sweet influences” may be a reference to the impact Christianity has had upon the world over the past two millennia.

The “bands of Orion” refers to the mighty belt of which he is invincibly girded, whose bands no one can loose. In the corrupted mythology of the Greeks, Orion walked on water; was stung in the heal by Scorpio; prepared a lake of fire for the god of fire; and out of love for the Pleiadic maiden, ridded the earth of all noxious beasts. Though corrupted, the original message is obvious. Christ displayed all of the attributes of Orion.

Taurus, depicted in the heavens as a raging bull, means “the Coming Judge.” Over a century ago, Joseph Seiss titled his chapter on Taurus as “The Day of the Lord.” The twelve major constellations, beginning with Virgo and ending with Leo, are divided into three groups of four constellations each. The first four, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio, and Sagittarius, present the First Advent of Christ. The next four, Capricorn, Aquarius, Pisces, and Aries, tell the story of the Church Age. The final four, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, and Leo, tell of the Second Advent of Christ.

Like Job, however, we must admit ignorance when it comes to the question that God put to the ancient pilgrim: “Knowest thou the ordinances of heaven? canst thou set the dominion thereof in the earth?” (Job 38:33). We can only speculate. We know very little about these “ordinances of heaven.”

The Biblical View of the Constellations

David wrote, “The heavens declare the glory of God … Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge.” Obviously, there is a message in the heavens that we need to understand.

For centuries, astrologers have been prognosticating the future, using the zodiac and its series of planets, stars and constellations. Where did they get the idea for such a thing? What is Astrology? And, what possible connection does it have with the Bible?

We are reminded that astrology is a wicked and perverted religion. It was the idolatry of the Old Testament, and should rightly be regarded as satanic. Long before astrology was developed, however, there was an ancient astronomy that dealt with an altogether different message. Students of Eschatology need to understand that message. It is the original prophecy of the First and Second Advents of the Messiah.

If Christians could only understand the original prophetic message given in the ancient names of the stars and constellations, no one would become ignorantly involved with astrology. The truth would indeed set men free from that ancient idolatry.

According to Flavius Josephus, a Jewish historian of the first century, Seth, the son of Adam, invented “that peculiar sort of wisdom which is concerned with the heavenly bodies and their order” (“Antiquities,” Book I, Chapter 2, Paragraph 3).

Long before the development of astrology, God placed His intriguing message in the constellations. Every pagan religion throughout history is nothing more than a perversion of that original story. During the days of the Tower of Babel, wicked men perverted God’s original message and made the constellations to mean something quite different from that which God intended.

According to Genesis 1:14, God created the sun, moon, planets, and stars for four basic reasons — three of which, were to give the human race a method by which to measure time. For example, the days of our week are named after the sun, moon, and five planets.

Though the stars were basically stationary, these seven ancient wanderers were not. They moved through the heavens with precision. Sunday was named for the sun; Monday was named for the moon; Tuesday derived its name from an ancient Anglo-Saxon word for Mars; Wednesday, or Woden’s day, was named for the planet Mercury; Thursday, or Thor’s day, was named for Jupiter; Friday derived its name from an Anglo-Saxon word for Venus; And Saturday was named for Saturn.

There are twelve major constellations from which are derived the months in a year. The sun enters a different constellation each month. The moon was made to revolve for the counting of those months. In fact, the word “month” is a derivative from the term “moon.”

The stars were originally divided into 48 constellations — 12 major constellations, with 36 decans or sidereal sidepieces.

Furthermore, the stars were given certain names, many of which have survived throughout the course of history. In Psalm 147:4, we are told that God named the stars: “He telleth the number of the stars; He calleth them all by their names.” 

And again in Isaiah 40:26, the prophet wrote: “Lift up your eyes on high and behold who hath created these things, that bringeth out their host by number; He calleth them all by names by the greatness of His might, for that He is strong in power; not one faileth.”

When David wrote, “night unto night sheweth knowledge” (Psalm 19:2), he must have been referring to meanings of the names of the stars. Though most people in our generation are not aware of those ancient names, David and his contemporaries were. In his native language of Hebrew, the names of the stars were commonly used in messianic prophecies.

Kenneth C. Flemming, in his book “God’s Voice in the Stars,” wrote, “God Himself is responsible for the names of the stars. He did not entrust this task to Adam, as He did in the giving of names to animals.

“During the first 2,500 years of human history, before writing became widespread, these signs in the night sky were of particular importance. They declared the glory of God as seen in the coming of the Savior” (page 23).

Where to Begin?

Since the great constellations tell the Gospel story, we must determine where our study should begin. In the idolatrous religion of astrology, the first constellation is considered to be Aries. Idolatry, however, is diametrically opposite to God’s great message of salvation. Therefore, the beginning constellation should be 180 degrees opposite from Aries. The Gospel in the stars begins with Virgo, the virgin and ends with Leo, the Lion of the tribe of Judah.

The ancient Egyptians designated the beginning of the heavenly series with Virgo when they constructed the sphinx, which stands to the east of the great pyramid of Giza. It shows a woman’s head on the body of a lion — indicating that the ancient star chart began with the virgin and ended with the lion. Prophetically, Virgo represents the First Coming of Christ, and Leo points to the Second Coming. The message begins at Bethlehem, and concludes with the return of Christ!

Act One of Three Acts

The story is divided into a three-act play. The first four major constellations and their sidepieces constitute Act One, and ends with Draco losing his lofty position in the northern polar region. Act Two covers the story found in Capricorn, Aquarius, Pisces and Aries, and ends with Cetus (the sea monster) rising out of the sea. Act Three tells the story of Taurus, Gemini, Cancer and Leo, and concludes with Hydra (the many headed serpent) being destroyed.

The ancient star chart revolves around the story of the dispensation of Grace. There is nothing in the Zodiac about the Creation, Flood, Law, tabernacle, or temple. There is nothing in the stars to represent the great dispensations that preceded Bethlehem. The whole message woven throughout the ancient constellations gives us the dispensation of Grace. Act One tells about the Savior’s First Advent; Act Two covers the Church Age; and Act Three gives us His Second Coming.

Virgo

The constellation, Virgo, was given to represent God’s promise in Genesis 3:15. It was in Eden that God spoke to the beguiling serpent: “And I will put enmity between thee and the woman, and between thy seed and her seed. It shall bruise thy head, and thou shall bruise his heel.” 

The fact that the constellation is called a virgin reminds us of Isaiah 7:14: “Behold a virgin shall conceive and bear a son, and shall call his name, Immanuel.”

The picture of Virgo is that of a woman with a shock of wheat in her left hand and a branch in her right hand. The brightest star in the constellation is located in the seed of the wheat. The star is called Spica, a Latin word meaning “the branch.” Along with the branch in her right hand, we are reminded of Isaiah 4:2: “In that day shall the branch of the Lord be beautiful and glorious.” 

In the Old Testament, our Savior is called “a rod of the stem of Jesse … a root out of dry ground.” And Zechariah called Him the “Branch.”

There are three sidereal sidepieces, which help to tell the story of Virgo, making a total of four constellations. There is Coma — the Virgin with her newborn son; Boötes — the great harvestman; and Centaurus — the archer.

Coma

The word Coma means “the desired,” for the child in the lap of his mother represents the desired one, the desire of women, the desire of all nations — the long awaited Messiah.

Isaiah offers another scripture that identifies this child. He wrote:

“Unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given: and the government shall be upon his shoulder: and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counselor, The Mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace” (Isaiah 9:6).

Yes, the virgin of Isaiah 7:14 bears a son, Immanuel — “God with us!”

Boötes

Boötes is pictured as a shepherd — bearing his rod, and as a harvestman — bearing his sickle. It is the Seed of the woman who will come to reap the great harvest. The word Boötes means, “the Coming One.” Another name for the Constellation was taken from a star in the left knee of the Shepherd. It was called Arcturus, which also means, “He cometh.”

Centaurus

In the ancient star chart, the Centaur is pictured as being half human and half horse. That, however, is not the original concept of the constellation. The name Centaurus simply means, “two natures.” Obviously, it referred to the fact that since the Seed of the woman was “virgin born,” he was not the seed of man. His two natures, then, represent a combination of humanity and deity. He is God clothed in human flesh and, therefore, can rightly be called Immanuel, which means “God with us.”

In Genesis 15, the story is given of Abraham and the covenant made by God with him. Genesis 15:5: “And he brought him forth abroad, and said, Look now toward the heaven, and tell the stars, if thou be able to number them: and he said unto him, so shall thy seed be.” 

The message written in the stars refers to the “seed” of Abraham. The telling of the stars and the numbering of the stars presents a prophetic message of the coming Savior of the world. Jesus Christ is the ultimate fulfillment of that great message. Virgo and her attending sidereal sidepieces represent the beginning of an adventure to destroy the seed of the serpent and to rescue the human race.

In the 12th chapter of Revelation she is seen clothed in the sun with the moon under her feet, giving birth to the Messiah. This tells us that His birth was on Rosh Hashanah, a time when the constellation Virgo is hidden by the sun and the new moon appears beneath her feet! Virgo represents both the house of Israel and Mary.

Libra

The next major constellation is Libra. There are two ancient stories that emerge from this constellation. The first rendering of Libra was that of a lamp — indicative of the servant lamp in the menorah. Scorpio is shown in some ancient drawings as trying to seize the lamp. The lamp denotes the nature of the “seed of the woman,” being positioned just beneath the feet of Virgo. Scorpio wants the lamp for himself. Scorpio, as we shall see, represents the “seed of the serpent.” It is the first representation of the conflict between the seed of the woman and the seed of the serpent.

In other cultures, Libra was depicted as a set of scales. Libra represented the condition of the human race after the fall of Adam. “Thou art weighed in the balances and art found wanting” (Dan. 5:27). The sign of Libra has been associated with justice and order throughout the centuries. For that reason, the symbol has often been used on buildings housing courts of law and justice.

This was the message given to Belshazzar, king of Babylon. In Daniel 5:27, Belshazzar failed to satisfy the righteous demands of God: “Thou art weighed in the balances and art found wanting.” Is that not also descriptive of the human race? We are all guilty before the great Judge.

There are two main stars in the sign of Libra, which tell the story of the prophecy. In one side of the scales, there is a star called Zuben Al Genubi. It means “the price which is deficient.” Undoubtedly, it points to the price which man might attempt to pay for redemption. There is no way one can obtain salvation through good works for the price is deficient.

On the other side of the scales, however, there is a star called Zuben Al Chemali, meaning “the price which covers.” It is a picture of the price paid by Christ for the redemption of the sinner.

The constellation, Libra, is attended by three sidereal sidepieces, which help to tell the story of the price of redemption.

Crux – The Southern Cross

The first of the three constellations related to Libra is a group of stars in the form of the Southern Cross. The ancient title is Crux. In the northern hemisphere, we cannot see the Southern Cross. It lies below the southern horizon. In the ancient star charts, by the way, the south always represented hell, and the north represented heaven. The constellation reveals the price that was paid by the seed of the woman in order to redeem mankind.

Lupus

The second constellation related to Libra is known as Lupus, but the Latins called it Victima — the victim. The seed of the woman became the victim upon the cross and, in so doing, became the price that covers.

Corona Borealis

The third constellation in Libra is called Corona Borealis — the Northern Crown. It is a beautiful semi-circle of a half dozen stars located in the northern hemisphere. The story of Libra is this — man is a sinner. We are weighed in the balances of God’s justice and are found wanting. The seed of the woman, however, came to become a victim — to pay the price for our sins. He died as a substitute upon the Southern Cross that He might gain for us the Northern Crown.

Scorpio

The third great constellation is Scorpio. It represents a scorpion, though in some early cultures, he is depicted as a dragon or serpent. As we said earlier, in the 7th century B.C., he is shown trying to seize the lamp. Scorpio wants to be the “light of the world.” In other cultures, Scorpio is seen trying to sting the heel of the mighty Ophiuchus, who is seen in the ancient star charts wrestling with a great snake, called Serpens.

While the Scorpion is trying to wound the heel of Ophiuchus, the head of Scorpio is being wounded. It is said that the word, Scorpio, means “the Lawless One,” and as such, represents the seed of the serpent — the Antichrist.

The star in the heart of Scorpio is called Anteres. When seen in the nighttime sky, it gives the appearance of a deep red color and means, “the wounding.” While Ophiuchus is crushing the head of Scorpio, he is seen binding the serpent, who is trying to gain the northern crown. There are three sidereal sidepieces to the constellation Scorpio — Serpens, Ophiuchus, and Hercules. These help to tell the story of the conflict seen in Scorpio.

Serpens

The serpent (Serpens) represents Satan, who has tried to usurp the throne of God. He is seen trying to grab the Northern Crown. He cannot do so, however, because he is being held back by Ophiuchus.

Ophiuchus

Ophiuchus is obviously a view of Christ who, though His heel is bruised in the conflict, succeeds in bruising the head of the Lawless One. In his hands he holds Serpens, keeping him from obtaining the Northern Crown.

Hercules

The other hero character is Hercules. He can be seen in the star chart beating a many-headed snake with his club. The snake is shown in the branches of a tree — most likely the “tree of the knowledge of good and evil.” Hercules is another picture of the great Redeemer.

Kenneth C. Fleming, in his book God’s Voice in the Stars, wrote that the sign of Virgo pointed to Christ as the sign of the promised Seed of the woman; the sign of Libra showed the price He paid to secure man’s redemption; and the sign of Scorpio presented the conflict He had to endure. These celestial prophecies were given in the beginning, and were confirmed and expanded in Scripture.

Finally, they were fulfilled in the coming of Jesus Christ. Scorpio, who represents the Lawless One, is pictured as the seed of the serpent. In an ancient Egyptian Zodiac, the sign of Scorpio was represented as a monster serpent called Python. It not only represented the great conflict fought at Calvary, but also seems to have prophetic implications concerning the end-time when the Antichrist shall arise.

Sagittarius

The fourth great constellation is called Sagittarius, appearing in the form of a centaur — half human, half horse. It is the same concept as was given in the story of Virgo. Centarus, one of the sidereal sidepieces in Virgo, represented the two natures of the Redeemer — His deity and humanity. In Sagittarius, He is both triumphant and victorious. Though He appears in the form of a Centaur, we are reminded that our Savior will return some day, riding upon a flying white horse.

The main actor in the constellation is the Archer. The Centaur, or God-man, has a great bow in his hand, with the arrow aimed at the heart of Scorpio, the enemy. Sagittarius, like the other major constellations, has three sidereal sidepieces, which help to tell the story.

Lyra

First, there is Lyra. This star group is pictured as a harp and refers to the praise — so deserved by Sagittarius. The brightest star in the constellation is called Vega. It means, “He shall be exalted.” It directs our attention to the praise from the harp. In Revelation 5:9,13, we are told that the host of heaven will sing a new song saying, “Thou hast redeemed us to God by thy blood out of every kindred and tongue and people and nation” (v. 9). The host of heaven will sing, “Blessing and honor and glory and power be unto him that sitteth upon the throne, and unto the Lamb for ever and ever” (v. 13).

Ara

Further to the south from Sagittarius is its second sidereal sidepiece — an altar called Ara. The altar is seen upside down, with its fire poured out over the South Pole — called “the regions of outer darkness.” Here begins a cloud of stars, which runs throughout the heavens. Today, it is called the Milky Way, but in some ancient star charts, it was referred to as “the lake of fire.”

The word Ara, name of the upturned altar means, “it is finished. There is no more sacrifice for sin.”

Draco

The concluding constellation, which forms a sidereal sidepiece to the great Sagittarius is Draco — the dragon. This staging of the dragon concludes the first act in the prophetic drama.

Draco is a long winding constellation made up of stars, which wrap around the northernmost part of the hemisphere. It covers one-third of the circumference and reminds us of Revelation 12:3,4:

“And there appeared another wonder in heaven, and behold, a great red dragon having seven heads and ten horns and seven crowns upon his heads. 

“And his tail drew the third part of the stars of heaven.”

Some 4,700 years ago, the great dragon star, Thuban, was in fact the polar star. Over the centuries, however, Draco has fallen from his lofty position and has been replaced by Polaris — kicked out of heaven because he tried to usurp the throne of God.

The message seen in the ancient star chart tells a story quite different from that which astrology would have us believe. Those who would try to prognosticate the future, by use of a horoscope, are actually perverting God’s original message given in the constellations. Satan did not invent the zodiac. In fact, it is my opinion that Satan is incapable of inventing anything. He has only perverted what God originally created.

God made and named the great constellations and their stars. And the meanings of their names represent the message of redemption — from Virgo, corresponding with His birth at Bethlehem, to Leo, corresponding with His return as the “lion of the tribe of Judah” to establish His kingdom upon the earth.

Act Two

Act Two of the great drama is presented through the constellations of Capricorn, Aquarius, Pisces, and Aries. These signs, together with their constellations, explain not so much the person of the Redeemer, but the results of his redeeming work, particularly in relation to the people who are redeemed.

Capricorn

The curtain rises with a very unlikely actor on the stage. It is a goat with the tail of a fish. This strange monstrosity presents a magnificent message when we understand that the goat represents the sacrificial animal used on the Day of Atonement and the fish represents that body of believers who have received life out of the death of the great sacrifice.

Jesus is the fulfillment of the sacrificial goat and believers are represented by the fish. In some ancient star charts, the goat appears to be dying with its head bowed and its leg folded, while the fish tail is living and vigorous.

There are two stars in the head of the goat that tell the story. Daneb Algedi, which means “the sacrifice comes,” and Dabih, which means “the sacrifice slain.” Note that from the dying goat comes a living fish. Furthermore, the Bible teaches that Christ is the head of the Church while, in turn, the Church represents the body of Christ — thus the head of a goat and body of a fish. When Jesus appointed His first disciples in Matthew 4:19, He said, “I will make you fishers of men.”

Sagitta

There are three sidereal sidepieces that help to tell the story of Capricorn. First, there is a small but ancient constellation called Sagitta — the arrow of God’s judgment against sin. It represents that which pierced the Son of God when He became the sacrifice for the sins of the world. It depicts the instrument of divine justice on Christ who took the place of guilty man.

The Psalmist wrote of it in Psalm 38:2, “Thine arrows stick fast in me, and thy hand presseth me sore.” Job spoke of a similar thing when he lamented, “The arrows of the almighty are within me” (Job 6:4). Every born again believer can appreciate with deep feeling that “He was wounded for our transgressions” (Isaiah 53:5).

Aquilla

The second sidereal sidepiece is Aquilla — the falling eagle. The ancient names for the stars in the constellation tell the obvious story. There is a star in the falling eagle called Al Okal, which means “wounded in the heel.”

Furthermore, the eagle is one of the symbols of Christ in the Bible. For instance, in Exodus 19:4, God spoke to Moses and the children of Israel saying, “I bear you on eagle’s wings, and brought you unto myself.” 

Kenneth C. Fleming, in his book God’s Voice in the Stars, put it this way: “The eagle seen in this constellation is consistent with what we have noted in the whole sign of Capricorn. The slain goat of the sin offering is followed by the arrow of God’s judgment and the pierced and falling eagle.”

Delphinus

The third sidereal sidepiece is a constellation called Delphinus. It represents a dolphin, springing out of water. It is the picture of resurrection. Our Savior died to rise again.

Furthermore, the dolphin is another creature born of water — and, may I add, water is a type of the Holy Spirit in the Bible. The resurrected dolphin represents eternal life given to all who believe.

Aquarius

The next major constellation following Capricorn is Aquarius — the great water bearer. Our Savior identified Himself as the fulfillment of Aquarius in John 4:14. He said, “Whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him shall never thirst; but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life.”

Furthermore, we can see its fulfillment on the Day of Pentecost when the Spirit of God was poured out upon believers. That is the message to be found in Aquarius. Throughout the Bible, water has been symbolic of the Holy Spirit.

The prophet Joel described it when he wrote, “And it shall come to pass afterward that I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh” (Joel 2:28).

The Apostle Peter repeated the message on the Day of Pentecost when he explained the “rushing mighty wind” and the “tongues like as of fire” that “sat upon each of them.” Yes, the message in the constellation Aquarius found its ultimate fulfillment through the Day of Pentecost.

Pisces Australis

The water bearer can be seen pouring out his water upon Pisces Austrialis, the Southern Fish — the first of the sidereal sidepieces. The fish, again, represents that which was born of water and of the spirit — that great body of believers down through the ages.

Cygnus

The second sidereal sidepiece in the constellation Aquarius is called Cygnus — the Swan of the Northern Cross. The constellation reveals a beautiful swan flying across the heavens, but the stars form the shape of a cross. It implies the message of “going to and fro throughout the earth bearing the sign of the cross.”

Pegasus

The third sidereal sidepiece is a flying white horse named Pegasus. Its message is that of the returning Christ. Revelation 19 reveals the beautiful story:

“And I saw heaven opened, and behold a white horse; and he that sat upon him was called Faithful and True, and in righteousness he doth judge and make war. 

“His eyes were as a flame of fire, and on his head were many crowns; and he had a name written, that no man knew, but he himself. 

“And he was clothed with a vesture dipped in blood: and his name is called The Word of God” (Revelation 19:11-13).

This is the message to be found in Pegasus. Please note, the dispensation begins with the pouring out of His Spirit upon all flesh as seen by the great water bearer. The constellation Pisces Austrinus represents that vast throng of believers who have received the water of life.

During this dispensation, it is our responsibility to go to and fro throughout the earth bearing the sign of the cross as can be seen in the constellation Cygnus. Finally, the dispensation will end with the return of Jesus Christ in power and great glory on the back of a flying white horse as seen by the constellation Pegasus.

In the shoulder of Pegasus there is a bright star called Markab. It means “returning from afar.” For more than 2,500 years the world was without a written revelation from God. The question is, “Did God leave Himself without a witness?” We are told in the Scriptures that He did not. In Romans 1:19, it is written, “That which may be known of God is manifest in them; for God hath shewed it unto them. For the invisible things of him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even his eternal power and Godhead; so that they are without excuse.” 

But how was God known? How were His invisible things — His plans, His purposes, and His councils known since the creation of the world? We are given the answer in Roman 10:18. Having stated in verse 17 that “faith cometh by hearing and hearing by the word of God,” He asks, “But I say, Have they not heard? Yes verily.” And we may ask, “How have they heard?” The answer follows; “Their sound went into all the earth, and their words unto the ends of the world” (Romans 10:18).

What words? What instructions? Whose message? There is only one answer and that is the heavens! Long before there was a written Bible, there was a message written in the stars. Romans 10:18 refers to that message. It is a passage quoted from Psalm 19, the first part of which is occupied with the revelation of God written in the stars, and the latter part of the chapter with the revelation of God written in the word. This is the simple explanation of the beautiful Psalm 19:1-2:

“The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handywork.

“Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge.”

Superman Marries Lois Lane

By on May 1, 2011

Editor’s Note: Nothing better illustrates J.R.’s imaginative enthusiasm than the following article, published in the November, 1996, magazine. It was his reaction to the popular television series called, “Lois and Clark,” based on the old Superman comics series. J.R. saw biblical prophecy in the events of his everyday life, and was always excited to see scriptural references suddenly appear in popular culture. To him, they were a reminder of just how close we are to the culmination of the Church Age. His thinking was driven by a childlike anticipation of the Lord’s return, coupled with a deep understanding of prophetic Scripture. In particular, take note of his fascination with Superman’s Hebrew roots. Read the following, and enjoy J.R. on the lighter side! [Gary Stearman]

Look! Up in the sky! It’s a bird! It’s a plane!
No, it’s Superman!

Remember those words from a generation ago? Superman was the hero of my generation. Superman — solver of problems — unrelenting in his pursuit of peace — in his fight for truth, justice, and the American way! In fact, his popularity exceeds that of any hero character since, whether it be Aquaman, Spiderman, Wonder Woman or the dozens of newly created robot creatures from space and their human counterparts. Superman has surpassed them all.

During the 1980s Superman took to the silver screen to become a multi-million dollar box office attraction. Over the past few years, “Lois and Clark” have become Sunday night television favorites. In their October 6, 1996 episode, the two lovers were finally married — in an unnamed garden somewhere toward the west — shades of Eden — by a minister who popped in and out of the program like an angel — named Mike! Each time they met Mike, they recognized him, but looked puzzled when they left him — as if they could not remember who he was.

Toward the end of the program, Clark lifted Lois in his arms and just flew toward the west until both felt they had arrived at the right place. Just as they landed, Mike appeared and remarked that they had arrived just before him. About that time, the parents of Lois walked into the scene, shook hands with Mike and addressed him as if they had known him all their lives. Then the Kents arrived and did the same thing. After them, Perry White and Jimmy Olsen came up the steps and shook hands with the minister, greeting him as an old friend as well.

It looked to me as if Mike represented none other than Michael, the archangel. It was a fantasy that had all the earmarks of a modern allegory. When Jerry Siegal first created the innocent alien from Krypton, he laid the groundwork depicting the very essence of Jesus Christ. For example, Superman’s Kryptonian name was “Kal-El,” a Hebrew term meaning “the voice of God.” His Kryptonian father was “Jor-El,” a form of the Hebrew term “Jehovah-Elohim.” It is easy to see the allegorical nature of his character. Born on a distant planet, his father sent him to earth as a baby with supernatural powers to save mankind from evil. He is pictured as the epitome of all that is good. His boyish features show him as shy and unpretentious, knowing no evil — one who can solve the problems of hunger, war, disease, and disaster.

Last year’s episodes were filled with attempts to wed Lois and Clark. Failing to become a June bride, Lois eventually becomes a September bride. The season ended last year with a visit from New Krypton by Clark’s long-lost relatives — including the wife he had never known. It seems his father had wed him to a Kryptonian girl at birth. It was now his obligation to return to New Krypton, consummate the marriage to the one Jor-El had chosen, and wage a war in the heavens against an evil usurper to the throne — the evil Nor! The name of this wicked Kryptonian is spelled in Hebrew as nun resh meaning, “lamp,” or nun vav resh meaning, “fire.” Either way, it smacks of Lucifer which, in Hebrew, means “shining one” or “light bearer.” The two main letters that make up Nor’s name are nun and resh. Nun means “down- fall” and resh means “wicked.”

New Krypton sounds a lot like “New Jerusalem.” The spacecraft used to trans- port Superman across the universe was called “New New.” It was also referred to as “Palace.” On their way out of our solar system, Kal-El learned that the evil Nor had taken over Smallville, enslaved its people, and set about to conquer Earth!

Kal-El had to return to save the human race! Upon arriving, Lois and two other women were beamed (raptured) aboard New New — Kal-El’s palace — to become his concubines. Lois was Caucasian, another girl was Black, and the other, as I recall, was Oriental. Between the time Kal-El left Earth last May, and the time he returned in September, there were four months. All of this should sound strangely familiar to the student of the Bible. Jesus once told His disciples, “Say not ye, There are yet four months, and then cometh harvest?” (John 4:35). Someday, when Christ returns, He will rapture His Gentile bride (made up of all races) into His palace, while He wages war against the antichrist who attempts to usurp His throne.

Superman married Lois Lane this year. Say, could it be? Is this the year? Mmmm … Nah!

Mount Hermon: Gate of the Fallen Angels

By on May 1, 2011

Editor’s Note: This article, from the January, 2007 magazine, represents J.R. at his best. In it, you will learn how the fallen angels infiltrated this world, and how they befriended the tribe of Dan and consorted with them. Why did Satan choose Mount Hermon as the site of their arrival? What does the Book of Enoch have to say about its history concerning the Nephilim of Genesis 6 and the great Flood of Noah? [Gary Stearman]

According to the Encyclopedia Britannica, Hermon means “Forbidden Place.” Jerome (4th-century translator of the Latin Vulgate Bible) interpreted Hermon as “anathema.” Mount Hermon was the port of entry for a group of wicked angels, who corrupted the human race in the days of Noah. Moses wrote: “The sons of God saw the daughters of men that they were fair; and they took them wives of all which they chose …. There were giants in the earth in those days, and also after that, when the sons of God came in unto the daughters of men, and they bare children to them, the same became mighty men which were of old, men of renown” (Gen. 6:1-4).

We have discussed these “Nephilim” in previous issues, but in this article, I want to add some things that you may not have heard before. For example, there is a rabbinical remark about this story in an ancient Jewish commentary, in which two rabbis add the following insight:

“Rabbi Jose says, following a tradition, that these [Nephilim] were Uzza and Azazel, whom, God deprived of their supernal sanctity. How, it may be asked, can they exist in this world? Rabbi Hiya answers, that they were of a class of spirits referred to in the words, ‘and birds which fly on the earth’ (Gen 1:20), and these, as we have said, appear to men in the form of human beings. If it is asked, how can they transform themselves? The answer is, that they do, in fact, transform themselves into all kinds of shapes, because when they come down from heaven they become as concrete as air and take human shape. These are Uzza and Azazel, who rebelled in heaven, and were cast down by God, and became corporeal on the earth and remained on it, not being able to divest themselves of their earthly form. Subsequently, they went astray after women, and up to this day they exist and teach men the arts of magic. They begat children whom they called Anakim (giants), while the Nephilim themselves were called ‘sons of God’” (Zohar, vol. 1, p. 186).

Note that one rabbi alluded to a class of spirits described as “birds” in Genesis 1:20. Perhaps this was the origin of the story that angels had bird-like wings. To this day, white Doves are symbolic of good, while black crows are typical of evil. It should also be noted that birds seem to have a reptilian connection. The Phoenix was depicted as an eagle in the West, but in the East, it was a winged dragon. From ancient lore, Satan was thought to be somewhat of a gargoyle with bat-like wings.

The apocryphal Book of Enoch enlarges upon the story of the Nephilim. First, let me give you a little background on this mysterious book. Scholars have traced its origin back past the first century: “In the early literature of the church there is a whole chain of evidence to this effect. Nearly all of the church [leaders] knew of an apocryphal Book of Enoch. Among the Apostolic [leaders], the Epistle of Barnabas refers to such a work. From that time on to about the seventh-century, Christian literature produces ample proof of the constant use and high standing of this book. The early theologians Justin Martyr, Clemens of Alexandria, Origen, Irenaeus, Tertullian, Eusebius, Jerome, Hilary, Epiphanius, Augustine, and others refer to and use it … following the example of Jude, whose citation is taken from Enoch 1:9. They all, with possibly the one dissenting voice of Tertullian, deny the canonicity of this book, and properly regard it as apocryphal; some going even so far as to deny the canonicity of Jude because he had dared to quote an apocryphal work” (George H. Schodde, Nov. 21, 1881, General Introduction to the Book of Enoch).

The following is quoted from the Book of Enoch:

“And it came to pass, after the children of men had increased in those days, beautiful and comely daughters were born to them.

“And the angels, the sons of the heavens, saw and lusted after them, and said one to another: ‘Behold, we will choose for ourselves wives from among the children of men, and will beget for ourselves children.’

“And they descended on Ardîs, which is the summit of Mount Hermon; and they called it Mount Hermon, because they had sworn on it and bound themselves mutually by a curse” (Enoch 6:1-6).

Of all places on this planet where angels could have descended, it was on the northern border of the Promised Land. Perhaps knowing something about God’s future plans to give territory to Abraham’s descendants, these angels plotted their strategy to introduce “the seed of the serpent” into the human race. Also, Mount Hermon lay in the territory where Ham and his family migrated after God’s judgment at the Tower of Babel. According to Genesis 10:6, Ham had four sons: “And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan” (Gen. 10:6).

Canaan settled in the area of Mount Hermon and southward into the territory that was to become Abraham’s Promised Land. This is why the Promised Land was called “Canaan” in the days of Moses and Joshua. Mizraim continued to move southward into Egypt. Coincidentally, Mount Hermon has three peaks, and Ham’s family encountered another set of “three peaks” that had been built before the Flood (those being three great pyramids). Evidently, Mizraim was fascinated by the pyramids and developed a system of worship based on those ancient structures. Cush and Phut continued the family migration southward and settled in Ethiopia and parts of Southern Africa.

To this day, Mount Hermon is still the place where evil continually rains down upon Israel. It is the area of the Syrians, and Hezbollah. The Book of Enoch continues:

“And they took unto themselves wives, and each chose for himself one, and they began to go in to them, and mixed with them, and taught them charms and conjurations, and made them acquainted with the cutting of roots and of woods. And they became pregnant and brought forth great giants whose stature was three thousand ells. These devoured all the acquisitions of mankind till men were unable to sustain themselves. And the giants turned themselves against mankind in order to devour them” (Enoch 7:1-4).

It seems that these fallen angels (the Nephilim) contaminated almost all life on earth. We do not know how many people were contaminated, but we are told that at least Noah’s family remained genetically pure. For that reason, God destroyed the world with a Flood. Had it not been for Noah and his three sons, those fallen angels might have brought an end to all life on the planet. Noah, Shem, Ham and Japheth helped save the animals and repopulate the earth.

God Judged the Angels

Both Peter and Jude added further insight about these fallen angels. Peter said, “God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into chains of darkness, to be reserved unto judgment; and spared not the old world, but saved Noah the eighth person, a preacher of righteousness, bringing in the flood upon the world of the ungodly” (II Peter 2:4,5).

Jude put it this way: “The angels which kept not their first estate, but left their own habitation, he hath reserved in everlasting chains under darkness unto the judgment of the great day” (Jude 6).

Both passages tell of severe punishment upon the Nephilim. Yet, Moses said that “sons of God” reappeared after the Flood (Gen. 6:4). How can this be? Well, the Book of Enoch only mentioned 200 angels, and Satan was not among them. Bear in mind, Satan’s forces were much larger then a mere 200. Perhaps the original group of Nephilim were scouts for a much larger force of demonic angels who, under the leadership of Satan, came to earth after the Flood. It seems to me that the Tower of Babel (meaning “Gate to God”) may have been built in an effort to contact these dark forces and forge a defense against the threat of another judgment. As noted in the Zohar (above) Rabbi Hiya said, “… to this day they exist and teach men the arts of magic.”

As noted above, Genesis 6:4 adds, “… and after that” — meaning that more Nephilim returned to this area after the Flood and established what Joshua called the “land of giants.” Moses and Joshua conquered those giants, of whom, Og was king. Moses wrote that Og’s bed was almost 15 feet long! (Deut. 3:11-13). Og reigned in Mount Hermon. Joshua wrote:
“And the coast of Og king of Bashan, which was of the remnant of the giants, that dwelt at Ashtaroth and at Edrei,
“And reigned in mount Hermon, and in Salcah, and in all Bashan, unto the border of the Geshurites and the Maachathites, and half Gilead, the border of Sihon king of Heshbon.

“Them did Moses the servant of the LORD and the children of Israel smite” (Joshua 12:4-6).

The tribe of Dan moved to this area during the days of the Judges, and adopted the Canaanite worship of these angels. It was an ancient idolatry that opposed the worship of Jehovah. In fact, Baal and Ashtaroth were Canaanite deities, whose origin was Mount Hermon! The book of Judges even calls Mount Hermon “Baalhermon,” saying:

“Namely, five lords of the Philistines, and all the Canaanites, and the Sidonians, and the Hivites that dwelt in mount Lebanon, from mount Baalhermon unto the entering in of Hamath” (Judges 3:3).

Furthermore, the fallen angels living on and around Mount Hermon adopted a biblical name for the mountain. They had the audacity to plagiarize a name that God had given to Mount Moriah — Mount Sion! Moses wrote:

“And they possessed his [Sihon’s] land, and the land of Og king of Bashan, two kings of the Amorites, which were on this side Jordan toward the sun rising; From Aroer, which is by the bank of the river Arnon, even unto Mount Sion, which is Hermon” (Deut. 4:47,48).

Sion means “lofty,” whereas, Zion means “stronghold.” It is evident that Satan was pushing for a counterfeit of God’s plan for man’s redemption. The devil was determined to replace the “seed” of the woman with the “seed” of the serpent.
In a book entitled, The Gods of the Lodge, author Reginald C. Haupt, Jr., described what he found during his trip to Mount Hermon:

“In the excavations of Baalbek, renamed Heliopolis by the Greeks, temples were uncovered honoring Baal and Bachus. The same is true of the site at Sidon. The Temple there is named the Temple of Baal of Sidon. But by far, of greater importance was the temple of Baal found on Mt. Hermon. Perhaps it would be more meaningful to you if I [Reginald Haupt] quote direct from my source. In the 1982 edition of the Thompson Chain Reference Bible (Fourth Improved Edition), the archaeological supplement was provided by G. Fredrick Owen, D.D., Ed.D. Dr. Owen wrote on page 376 of his supplement the following: “Mount Hermon, the ‘chief’ of the mountains of Palestine is five miles wide and twenty miles long. It has three peaks, the tallest of which is 9,166 feet above the Mediterranean Sea. For centuries before Abraham’s time, the mountain had been venerated in connection with Baal.

“Baal worship was the leading religion of Canaan. On most of the high peaks of the country were shrines known as ‘high places,’ the higher the holier. Here groves were planted and shrines erected for worship. Since Mount Hermon towered above all the other mountains in the region, it was the chief high place, the shrine of shrines. Canaanites looked to Mount Hermon much as the Moslems face Mecca when they pray.

“During the summer of 1934, Dr. Stewart Crawford and this writer [Reginald Haupt] led a small expedition, in which we studied the ancient Baal shrines surrounding Mount Hermon. We located many ruins and in each case the shrine was so oriented that when the priests and the devotees were at the altar, they faced the chief Baal sanctuary, or Quibla, located on the highest of the three peaks of Hermon.

“We then ascended the mountain and found the ruined temple of Baal, constructed of Herodian masonry, which dated it to just previous to and during the early Christian era. In a low place near the northwest corner of the temple, we excavated and found loads of ash and burnt bone, which had been dumped there as a refuse from sacrifices” (Reginald C. Haupt, Jr., The Gods of the Lodge, p. 126).

During the ministry of Jesus, He and His disciples visited Caesarea Philippi (see photo) where the Jordan River springs forth from the slopes of Mount Hermon. In the photo, one can see the grotto and cave where Baal worship was in full swing. While observing these shrines, Jesus posed the question: “Whom do men say that I the Son of man am?” (Matt. 16:13). Jesus was standing in the territory of His great enemy, Satan, and his idolatrous Nephilim. It was the area out of which the Antichrist would arise.

The French Connection

In 1666, Louis XIV of France, authorized the building of an observatory in Paris to measure longitude. This was the beginning of the Paris Zero Meridian. Believe it or not, according to the “Paris Zero Meridian” Mount Hermon (and the ancient territory of Dan) is located at 33 degrees east of the Paris Zero Meridian (longitude), and 33 degrees north of the Equator (latitude)! The 33rd degree became an important part of Freemasonry, probably due to a history that dates back to the Knights Templar, the French Merovingian Dynasty, and their family ties to the Danites (see our chapter on Dan in Guardians of the Grail).

However, the British would not be outdone. In 1675, England’s first Astronomer Royal, Sir Flamsteed, established a Prime Meridian in London to rival the one in Paris. In 1725, Edmund Halley, the second Astronomer Royal, established a second Meridian. In the mid-18th century, another Astronomer Royal, James Bradley, established a third. And in 1851, another Astronomer Royal, Sir George Airy, set up new measuring equipment in a room alongside Bradley’s original equipment (just 19 feet away), which eventually became the basis for international time.

It soon became clear that the world needed to adopt a worldwide standard for the Zero Meridian, so in 1884, 25 countries met in Washington, DC, and voted to accept Airy’s meridian at London’s Greenwich Observatory as the Prime Meridian. France abstained from the vote. The French held to the Paris Zero Meridian as a rival to Greenwich until 1911 for timekeeping purposes and 1914 for navigation. To this day, French cartographers continue to indicate the Paris Meridian on some maps.

In the opening years of the twentieth century, a booklet appeared in Russia by the title, “The Protocols of the Learned Elders of Sion.” It was touted as the exposure of a Jewish plot to rule the world. However, its Masonic connection is obvious. The booklet ends with the statement: “Signed by the representatives of Sion of the 33rd Degree” (Michael Baigent, Holy Blood Holy Grail, p. 193).

Note that the name “Sion” is spelled with an “S” rather than a “Z.” The connection with Mount Hermon is obvious.


The Tribe of Dan

Jacob prophesied that Dan would be “a serpent by the way, an adder in the path” (Gen. 49:17), and Moses prophesied, “Dan is a lion’s whelp: he shall leap from Bashan” (Deut. 33:22). These two prophecies are remarkable, in that they connect Dan with the “seed of the serpent,” from which the Antichrist will emerge to claim the title “lion of Judah.”
In the book of Judges the Danites relocated to the northern reaches of the Promised Land. They settled at the foot of Mount Hermon in the territory of Bashan, and adopted the idolatrous Canaanite religion of Baal and Ashtaroth. Eventually, they left for parts unknown and became the proverbial “Lost Tribe.”

However, the Danaans (i.e., Spartans) of the Greece, established the same religious practices that the Danites had developed on Mount Hermon. Greek Mythology is an elaborate reinvention of the Danite religion. The Spartans invented a “messenger of the gods” and called him Hermes (a variation of Hermon), whom the Romans called Mercury.

Supposedly, Hermes had a son named Pan. The name “Pan” could be a corruption of the name “Dan.” Today, the Arabs call Caesarea Philippi “Banias,” but that is because there is no “P” sound in Arabic. The older form was “Paneas” (meaning “city of Pan”) from “Paneion.” The name comes from Pan, the pagan god who was worshiped there. Niches for Pan’s statues can still be seen. Observe the niches and cave/grotto in the photo. In 4 B.C., this area became the tetrarchy of Herod’s son Philippus, who renamed Paneas as Caesarea Philippi. This name continued until the reign of Nero.

The name Pan means “All things, all gods, or all life.” Therefore, when the Romans built a domed temple to commemorate all their gods, they named it the “Pantheon.” It is a combination of two root words, “Pan,” standing for the son of Hermes (Mercury) and “theo” meaning “gods.” It is clear that Mount Hermon, with its infamous “fallen angels” found its way into the mythologies of many ancient cultures.

Solomon also had something remarkable to say about Mount Hermon:

“Come with me from Lebanon, my spouse, with me from Lebanon: look from the top of Amana, from the top of Shenir and Hermon, from the lions’ dens, from the mountains of the leopards” (Song of Solomon 4:8).

Here, Solomon mentioned a “lion’s den” and “the mountains of the leopards.” This may be a reference to the prophecy made by Moses, calling Dan a “lion’s whelp” (Deut. 33:22). It seems that Solomon was aware of the Danite connection to Mount Hermon and used the metaphor of the Danite “lion’s den.” When the Danites first arrived in Northern Israel, they conquered the village of Laish (meaning “lion”) and renamed it “Dan.” The book of Judges reports:

“And they called the name of the city Dan, after the name of Dan their father, who was born unto Israel: howbeit the name of the city was Laish at the first” (Judges 18:29).

Furthermore, Solomon mentioned Mount Hermon in connection with “leopards.” It is said that Ham’s grandson, Nimrod, wore a leopard skin as a symbol of his kingship. Also, there are paintings of Egyptian Pharaohs adorned with leopard skins. Even some medieval European royals wore leopard skins. An ancient Jewish commentary connected Nimrod’s leopard skins with the coats of skin belonging to Adam and Eve:

“Truly he was a man of might, because he was clad in the garments of Adam, and was able by means of them to lay snares for mankind and beguile them. Rabbi Eleazar said: ‘Nimrod used to entice people into idolatrous worship by means of those garments, which enabled him to conquer the world and proclaim himself its ruler, so that mankind offered him worship. He was called Nimrod for the reason that he rebelled against the most high King above, against the higher angels and against the lower angels.’

“Rabbi Simeon said: ‘Our colleagues are acquainted with a profound mystery concerning these garments.’” (Zohar, vol. 1, p. 250). In Daniel 7 and Revelation 13, the Antichrist seems to be connected to the metaphoric leopard.

We cannot say with certainty that Adam and Eve wore leopard skins, but there are a number of sources that suggest Nimrod wore a leopard skin. Among them was Alexander Hislop, in his work, The Two Babylons:

“This custom of taming the leopard, and pressing it into the service of man in this way, is traced up to the earliest times of primitive antiquity. In the works of Sir William Jones, we find it stated from the Persian legends, that Hoshang (i.e., Nimrod), the father of Tahmurs, who built Babylon, was the ‘first who bred dogs and leopards for hunting.’ As Tahmurs, who built Babylon, could be none other than Nimrod, this legend only attributes to his father what, as his name imports, he got the fame of doing himself.

“Now, as the classic god bearing the lion’s skin is recognized by that sign as Hercules, the slayer of the Nemean lion, so in like manner, the god clothed in the leopard’s skin would naturally be marked out as Nimrod, the “leopard-subduer.” That this leopard skin, as appertaining to the Egyptian god, was no occasional thing, we have clearest evidence.

“Wilkinson tells us, that on all high occasions when the Egyptian high priest was called to officiate, it was indispensable that he should do so wearing, as his robe of office, the leopard’s skin.

“As it is a universal principle in all idolatries that the high priest wears the insignia of the god he serves, this indicates the importance which the spotted skin must have had attached to it as a symbol of the god himself” (Alexander Hislop, The Two Babylons).

The Danite Antichrist

In other articles, we have covered the teaching of the early church theologians, Irenaeus and Hippolytus, who said that the Antichrist would come from the tribe of Dan, based upon Jeremiah 8:16: “The snorting of his horses was heard from Dan: the whole land trembled at the sound of the neighing of his strong ones.” We discussed the fact that the Greek king, Alexander the Great, claimed to be born of the “seed of the serpent.” And we have discussed the possibility that the Roman Emperor Nero could have descended from the Danites. Well, when Nero ruled the Roman Empire, he renamed Caesarea Philippi in honor of himself. For a while, the site of the ancient Danite city was called “Neronias” (mean- ing “city of Nero”) (Encyclopedia Judaica, “Banias,” p. 162).

Finally, an ancient Jewish Midrash likens Samson to their expected messiah, saying, “Samson in some respects was considered a forerunner of the Messiah who will come from Judah but his mother, according to the Midrash will be of the tribe of Dan” (Yair Davidy, “Dan”).

Amazing! The Jews are looking for a Messiah whose father is from the royal family of Judah, but whose mother will be from the tribe of Dan!

Those fallen angels who descended to Mount Hermon introduced the “seed of the serpent” into the human race. Evidently, after the Flood, they consorted with members of the tribe of Dan, mixing the “seed of the serpent” into the human genome once again. The first time it happened, God judged the world with water. The next time, it will be by fire.”

We Are Called Unto Eternal Glory

By on May 1, 2011

Editor’s Note: This article first appeared in the December, 2010, magazine. We are including it in this memorial issue because its message was so important to J.R. It was a sermon that deeply impacted him in his early years as a Baptist pastor, but as the end of his life drew near, he cherished its inspirational message even more.
[Gary Stearman]

“But the God of all grace, who hath called us unto his eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after that ye have suffered a while, make you perfect, stablish, strengthen, settle you” (I Peter 5:10).

You and I have been called unto the glory of God. The Shekinah that surrounded our Savior will one day be a very real part of our existence. I want to take you inside the Holy of Holies of Scripture to gaze upon the glory that awaits us. Before I do, let me say that I cannot adequately describe this “glory” of God. I can but stammer about it. I do not have the vocabulary it would take. I suppose if I had all of the knowledge necessary, of all the languages in the world today, I would still feel inadequate on this subject.

The Apostle Paul even admitted that he could not describe it. As a matter of fact, Paul could not relate his experience after ascending into the third heaven. Though he knew several languages — Greek, Hebrew, and Latin, the grandeur of his theme made him silent. Finally, he wrote, “Eye hath not seen, nor ear heard, neither have entered into the heart of man, the things which God hath prepared for them that love him” (I Corinthians 2:9).

But our eyes have seen many wonderful things. We have seen the beauty of the sunrise and the majesty of the sunset. We have seen the grandeur of snowcapped mountains as they rise with their pointed peaks toward heaven. We have seen the loveliness of God’s creation, and yet we have never seen anything as magnificent as the eternal glory that shall be ours some day. We have probably enjoyed many things here on earth that would lift our thoughts into heavenly places. But every previous experience will pale in the presence of God. Things that are majestic here cannot compare to His presence. Everything is going to be so glorious there.

I am afraid that we can not possibly describe the awesome beauty of the presence of God. But one of these days you and I will be able to understand it, for he said,

“God hath revealed them unto us by his Spirit…” (1 Corinthians 2:10).

And so His glory is not utterly unknown to us. We do know some things about God’s glory. It is essential, I think, in covering such a theme as this, that we pray for the Holy Spirit to reveal His glory to us. Though I cannot adequately describe our being called unto His glory, I want to give you the message in just a few simple points.

Our Destiny

First of all, it is the destiny of every Christian to be called unto glory. God, Himself, has given us the invitation. It is as if the president would send you an invitation to come to the White House. I have been to Washington and have toured the White House, but nothing will be quite so magnificent as the day when we arrive in the holy city, New Jerusalem. There is no place on earth to compare to the glory that we shall see in that glorious place.

Does not the very word “glory” astound you? Surely, that word belongs to God alone, yet the Scripture does not exaggerate. The Scripture tells us that we are called unto His glory. We deserve everlasting shame. We do not deserve to spend eternity in God’s presence. And yet, God has called us unto His glory. This glory has been promised.

In Psalm 73:24 the Bible says: “Thou shalt guide me with thy counsel, and afterward receive to glory.”

Remember the rapture of Elijah? He went to heaven in a fiery chariot. Well, that chariot contained the glory of God. The appearance of fire was actually the presence of the Shekinah.

In Psalm 84:11 the Bible says: “…the Lord will give me grace and glory…”

Glory is riveted to salvation. It cannot be separated. In Romans 8:30, the Bible says:

“Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also called: and whom he called, them he also justified: and whom he justified, them he also glorified.”

There’s that word “glory” again. We are “glorified.” Notice the sentence structure placed the glorification in the past tense, and we have received the fullness of that precious glory. It has been given to us by the indwelling of the Holy Spirit.

II Timothy 2:10 speaks of the “… salvation which is in Christ Jesus with eternal glory.”

Again and again we can see the term “glory” listed as an essential part of our salvation. It is that eternal life we possess.

At present, blood courses through our veins. But when we get to heaven and receive our new bodies, we will be filled with glory. The blood of Christ was shed that we might obtain His glory. He gives us eternal life. Could it be, then, that coursing through our veins — the veins of our new bodies — will not be blood, but glory – the light of the presence of God – the Shekinah?

In II Corinthians 3:18 the Bible says:

“But we all, with open face beholding as in a glass the glory of the Lord, are changed into the same image from glory to glory, even as by the Spirit of the Lord.”

We will be changed into His glory by the Spirit. In II Corinthians 4:17, the Apostle Paul spoke of our glory to come. He said,

“For our light affliction, which is but for a moment, worketh for us a far more exceeding and eternal weight of glory.”

In other words, the problems we face here will be substituted with a greater glory when we get to heaven. We are called unto this glory.

In I Corinthians 15:43 the Apostle Paul speaks of our bodies being “sown in dishonor,” but being “raised in glory.” One day when the resurrection comes, those who have been laid beneath the soil will be raised in glory. The Bible says we shall “shine as the brightness of the firmament” (Daniel 12:3). There will be some kind of light or brilliance to our new energy source. But even so, how inadequate we are in trying to explain the Shekinah!

In Philippians 3:21 the Apostle Paul longed for the Second Coming of Christ:

“Who shall change our vile body, that it may be fashioned like unto his glorious body….”

When John saw the Lord Jesus Christ in Revelation 1, he described His eyes as “flames of fire.” We know that one day “we shall be like Him, for we shall see Him as He is.” (1 John 3:2).

It’s going to be exciting when we get to heaven. Our new bodies may not possess liquid as we now have flowing through our veins. Nor will our bodies experience pain. One day the blind will see; the deaf will hear; the lame will walk; and the dumb will speak. Won’t that be great! There’ll be no disease in heaven; no broken bones; no lame feet; no cancer; and no graves!

The thought of it makes me want to shout, “Glory!” It’s going to be a wonderful experience when we get to heaven and see our Lord Jesus Christ in all of His splendor — in all of His matchless glory. Yes, it is the destiny of every Christian, for the Bible says we have been called unto His glory.

What Is This Glory?

The second thing I want to consider is a question: What is this glory? During his 40-day stay atop Mount Sinai, Moses asked the Lord,

“… I beseech thee, show me thy glory”

(Exodus 33:18). Do you remember what the Lord said? “Thou canst not see my face: for there shall no man see me, and live.” But, then He said, “Behold, there is a place by me, and thou shalt stand upon a rock:

“And it shall come to pass, while my glory passeth by, that I will put thee in a clift of the rock, and will cover thee with my hand while I pass by:

“And I will take away mine hand, and thou shalt see my back parts: but my face shall not be seen.” When God passed by, Moses saw the Shekinah in the backside of God. Surely, how inadequate is my attempt to describe this glory to you! Even His backside is too glorious for us. The glory of God is indescribable. It is not something to fear. It is something to which we can look forward. An exciting future lies ahead for us. When Moses died, God buried him and set an angel to guard his grave. According to Jewish teaching, his body had been translated to the point that it would not decay. The Bible says that on the day of his death,“His eye was not dim, nor his natural force abated.” (Deut. 34:7).

Rabbis say that the body of Moses is still in a perfect state of preservation today somewhere in a grave in Moab and has to be guarded by an angel.

Fame and Applause

When we think of glory, we think of fame — the sound of trumpets and the noise of applause. For example, when the Queen of Sheba came up to Jerusalem, the Bible says she came to see the glory of Solomon. She came to see his rare wisdom, immense riches, along with the splendor and the majesty of his throne. And yet, Jesus said that the lily of the field contains more glory than Solomon. Solomon, in all of his glory, was never arrayed like one of these.

Rank, Position and Authority

Glory also refers to rank, position, power, and authority. You and I are going to receive that kind of glory one day. We shall be kings and priests. We shall reign with Christ. We shall have more glory than Solomon had. We shall have more wisdom than Solomon had, because our minds will be perfected. Ah, the presence of God’s glory! I am looking forward to it.

The Bible also says that God’s people shall be wise. We shall shine as the stars forever and ever. Not only will we be wise, for the glory wraps all of that up together, but we shall be joint-heirs with Christ. We shall have more wealth than Solomon had, for even the streets out in front of our houses will be paved with gold. I think the glory of God refers to all of that.

The Purified Character

I also think glory refers to a purified character. No more will we have the taint of sin upon us. Our character will be pure. No more will we have our little idiosyncrasies, our inadequacies. No more will we bear the burdens of our iniquities. No longer will we experience hatred, bitterness, and malice in our hearts, for we shall be filled with goodness. We shall be filled with mercy. We shall be filled with justice and truth. The glory of God includes all of this in its meaning. We shall be holy. There will be no relic of our past. It will all be washed away in the blood of the Lord Jesus Christ.

The glory unto which we are called refers, not only to the light of the presence of God and to the bodies that shall know no pain, no disease, no heartache and no death, but it refers to a purified character. We shall have the perfection we have always hoped to have when we get to heaven.

What is glory? Well, again our lips fail. If Moses could see only the backside of God and even then failed to describe it, I am afraid that I am quite inadequate in my attempt to describe the presence of His glory. But it means light; it doesn’t means darkness. It means life, health, perfection, riches, honor, and fame. And even the angels will be there to help us. Yes, all of that is wrapped up in the meaning of glory. It is the destiny of every one who knows the Lord Jesus Christ. Though I had the tongues of men and of angels, I could not adequately describe this glory.

A Perfected Nature

Then, again, I believe the glory of God refers to our perfected nature. No longer will we have the problems that we have today. No longer will we suffer heartaches. We will have a perfected nature and a purified character. You may recall, in the Garden of Eden, Adam and Eve were perfect. Adam had a glorified nature. In fact, Adam and Eve were clothed in glory. That is the glory we shall receive one of these days when we get our glorified bodies and dwell in the presence of Christ in heaven. What a glory!

According to the words of Peter, you and I have been “called unto His eternal glory.” Adam was a brilliant man. He was not some ape-like creature who lived in a cave. Adam was a genius. He was far superior to any of us. The human race did not evolve. Quite the contrary, the human race has devolved from what it once was in Adam. The Bible says that God made Adam to rule. Well, if He made Adam to rule, we too shall be made to rule. One day, your intelligence will be that of a genius.

Is there any limit to the mind of man? Scientists claim that we use only a very small percentage of our mental capabilities. It seems as if our minds have been placed under some kind of limitation. But one of these days that limit will be lifted. Our minds will be sharper than Solomon’s. Solomon was called the wisest man who ever lived. As Solomon was keen of mind, so shall we be, for we have been called unto God’s eternal glory.

The Bible says in 1 Corinthians 13:12,“but then shall I know even as also I am known.” Perhaps we will automatically know everybody. We will not need to be introduced. Furthermore, we will have no problem remembering anybody’s name.

No one will have to come up and say, “I’d like to introduce you to Elijah.” I will know Elijah. Why am I convinced of that? On the Mount of Transfiguration, when Peter, James, and John saw Moses and Elijah, who came down to meet with Jesus, they knew them immediately. They did not have to be introduced. In like manner, you and I will know every other person when we get to heaven. So, the glory that will be ours one day, means not only a purified character, but also a perfected nature.

A Completed Victory

This glory also means a completed victory — complete, not partial. Today we know only partial victories. We have our mountain peaks, but we have our valleys, too. We know, for example, when God’s blessing is upon us. What a joy it is to serve the Lord. We go to church on Sunday morning, sing the songs of Zion, and are lifted into heavenly places.

We know victory for a little while, but then sickness or death comes to the family. Or, financial reverses can make our lives difficult. We do not have a complete victory in this life. But one day our victory will be complete. One day we will be on the mountaintop forever. And we will never get used to it.

David wrote in Psalm 23: “Yea, though I walk through the valley of the shadow of death …”

Some day, we will have no more valleys. Glory, then, refers to a completed victory.

When a Roman soldier returned from battle, he was given a hero’s welcome. The ancient Romans would have a parade. He would march through the streets of Rome, and the people would cheer and give him a crown of leaves. They would give him a hero’s welcome. The Apostle Paul, while in the Mamertine Prison in Rome, referred to that occasion when he said, “I have fought a good fight. I have finished my course. I have kept the faith. Henceforth, there is laid up for me a crown of righteousness.”(2Tim. 4:7-8).

In a similar manner as that crown or wreath that the Roman soldier got when he returned in victory from a battle, you and I will receive a crown. But our crowns will far exceed any Roman wreath. That glory will mean a completed victory.

Divine Approval

Glory also means divine approval. You and I will be approved of God. Glory, to a man, is a series of medals to hang on his chest or a series of stripes on his shoulder. Glory to a man is a commission or an honor. Well, someday you and I are going to stand before the Lord Jesus Christ and hear Him say, “Well done, thou good and faithful servant.” (Matthew 25:21).

He will pass out the rewards. We will receive that honor — that royal crown. We will receive that glory. Oh, I know we do not deserve it, but because of His grace and love for us — because He saved us we are called unto His eternal glory.

Remember the story of Mephibosheth in the Old Testament? Mephibosheth was a little crippled boy. He was Johathan’s son, and grandson of King Saul. After Jonathan and Saul died, David became the king. One day David said to Ziba, the captain of his guard,

“Is there not yet any of the house of Saul, that I may show the kindness of God unto him? And Ziba said unto the king, Jonathan hath yet a son, which is lame on his feet” (II Samuel 9:3).

“Yes,” said Ziba, “there is. There’s a little crippled boy who was crippled when his nurse fled with him in battle. She dropped him and broke his feet, and he’s been crippled ever since. He can’t walk, but he is alive.”

And David said, “You send for him, and we’ll give him the glory and the honor that is due to him.” And so Mephibosheth was called to the palace of the king. I can imagine that he entered somewhat fearful. He did not deserve what he was about to receive, nor do you and I deserve what we shall receive in glory.

But David said, “Mephibosheth, I’m going to take care of you. I’m going to return to you the inheritance of your grandfather, Saul, and your father, Jonathan. Besides that,” he said, “you’re going to wear king’s clothes from now on. You’re going to eat at the king’s table. You’re going to live in the king’s palace. You’re going to be royalty, Mephibosheth.” This was a wonderful day for Mephibosheth when he received the glory of the kingdom. It was not due to him. He was just a little crippled boy.

Oh, I’m glad that one day, like Mephibosheth, you and I will receive the glory, the majesty, and the honor of the kingdom — because we are children of the King. If you know Jesus Christ as your personal Savior, you’re a child of the King of kings, and one day we shall be called unto His glory!

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The Human Brain: Home of the Soul, Part 2

By on April 11, 2011

The Human Brain: Home of the Soul
Chapter Twelve (Part Two)

Shortly after writing the previous chapter, I came across a 1995 TIME magazine yearbook offering an article entitled, “Glimpses of the Mind.” The editorial staff at TIME reported: “The mystery is deep, a set of interrelated conundrums perhaps as old as humanity: What, precisely, is the mind, the elusive entity where intelligence, decision making, perception, awareness and a sense of self reside? Where is it located? How does it work? Does it arise from purely physical processes — pulses of electricity zapping from brain cell to brain cell, helped along their way by myriad complex chemicals? Or is it something beyond the merely physical — something ethereal that might be close to the spiritual concept of the soul?” Those questions were similar to my own — questions that led me into this study on the human brain in the first place.

That same day, I received Chuck Missler’s February 1999 newsletter that included a similar article on the brain. His research compares remarkably with what we have learned. He wrote that the brain has been estimated to be “… composed of 1010 nerve cells, each with 104 – 105 connecting fibers, thus approaching 1015 separate connections.” To help us comprehend these astronomical numbers, he said, “Try to imagine a 1015 equivalent: imagine a forest half the size of the United States — about 1 million square miles. Assume there were 10,000 trees per square mile, each with 100,000 leaves on each tree. That’s a bunch.” His premise is that the brain is a “…  highly organized network of uniquely adaptive communication channels. If only 1% of the connections were specifically organized pathways, it would still represent a greater number of connections than the entire communications network on the Planet Earth.”

Missler told about Wilder Penfield, a Canadian neurosurgeon, who published The Mystery of the Mind (1920s), in which he speculated that all memory is recorded in the brain and stored in specific locations. On the other hand, Karl Pribram, a neurophysiologist at Stanford University, in his book, Languages of the Brain, found that removing parts of the brain did not eradicate memories. He set forth the theory that memories were not localized at specific brain sites, but were somehow distributed throughout the brain as a whole. Missler writes, “When Pribram discovered holography, he was ecstatic. If it was possible for every portion of a piece of holographic film to contain all the information necessary to create a whole image, then it seemed equally possible for every part of the brain to contain all of the information necessary to recall a whole memory.”

He continues, “The holographic paradigm also explains how the brain can store so many memories in so little space. The physicist John von Neumann, once calculated that over the course of the average lifetime, the brain stores something on the order of 2.8 x 1020 bits of information  … that’s 1,000 bits for every second in the entire history of the universe!”

It is said that if a hologram were cut into a thousand pieces, each piece would contain a complete picture. This accounts for the theory expressed above that the brain stores every memory in a holographic process. Pretty impressive possibilities! Missler concludes, “the notion of the mind is broader than simply the organ we call the brain. There are aspects to imagination, inspiration and creativity that go far beyond the mechanisms for storage, recall, and processing. Is there a ‘holy of holies’ in our own being that doesn’t lend itself to x-rays, ultrasound or electron microscopes? Is there a hyper-dimensional transformer or transfer function that connects us to another dimension beyond those of our consciousness?”

This is precisely the theory we have thus far explored. It appears that the brain may be connected to a mysterious source beyond this dimension. It may be that memory is stored in that other world, and that the brain processes, transfers and retrieves that memory continually. For lack of a better example, we have compared the brain to a sophisticated computer, endowed with a certain amount of random access memory (RAM), but that memory may also be stored in an off-premise storage unit (in heaven) — similar to a main-frame computer accessed by someone through a wireless modem.

I envision such a process in which, when we confess our sins, God erases the stored memory of the event in question. We are told that God will blot out our transgressions: “I, even I, am he that blotteth out thy transgressions for mine own sake, and will not remember thy sins” (Isaiah 43:25). However, we cannot seem to forget our sin that easily. Evil seems to affect the brain in a far more permanent way than pleasant memories. The TIME article states:

“Physical trauma can distort memory, presumably by destroying all or part of one of the memory-processing structures. But other sorts of shock — strong emotion, for example — can do the same. Post-traumatic stress disorder is a good example of the brain reacting to shock. ‘It’s been an eye opener to me that individuals we study who were traumatized 25 years ago still show abnormal brain function,’ says Dennis Charney, head of psychiatry at a VA hospital in Connecticut. ‘Severe stress can change the way your brain functions biologically.’”

The brain can actually be permanently damaged by the evils in which men engage. Perhaps that is why the forbidden fruit was referred to as the tree of the “knowledge of good and evil.” The very knowledge of evil can have a potentially deadly effect on the processes used to assimilate knowledge in the brain. TIME continues:

“Until a few years ago, unraveling the relationship of mind and brain was beyond the realm of observation and experimentation. But science has finally begun to catch up with philosophy. Using sensitive electrodes inserted deep into the gray matter of test animals, researchers have watched vision as it percolates inward from the eye’s retina to the inner brain. Powerful technologies such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and Positron-Emission Tomography (PET) have also provided a window to the human brain, enabling scientists to watch a thought taking place, see the red glow of fear erupting from the structure known as the amygdala, or note the telltale firing of neurons as a long-buried memory is reconstructed. ‘What’s so exciting,’ says Patricia Churchland, a professor at the University of California at San Diego, ‘is that the philosophical questions raised by the Greeks are coming within the province of science.’

“In response to this enormous opportunity — not just to clarify the mysteries of consciousness but also to understand and treat such devastating mind malfunctions as Alzheimer’s disease, depression, drug addiction, schizophrenia and traumatic brain damage — research projects have multiplied dramatically.”

Consulting the Rabbis

Scientific studies are trying to determine whether we are purely a chemical entity or if some ethereal spirit dwells within the brain. And that brings me to a third resource — the Zohar, an ancient Jewish commentary. One of our readers had called with a question about a quote I had referred to on our television program, so I picked up one of the volumes of the Zohar, a Jewish commentary on the Torah in order to look for my resource. As I leafed through the pages, my eyes fell upon the word nephesh. Knowing that nephesh was the Hebrew word for “soul,” my interest was stirred.

Think of it. Within a month, I had “accidentally” come across more resource material on the human brain — home of the soul! Was all of this mere coincidence? Or was someone communicating with me from beyond this dimension — the very premise I had entertained in my previous articles on this subject?

In this ancient writing, Jewish scholars claimed that the soul contains a trinity of entities that form a unity:

“Three names has the soul of man: nephesh, ruah and neshamah. They are all comprised one within the other, yet upon death they have three distinct abodes:

Nephesh [translated ‘soul’ in the KJV] remains in the grave until the body is decomposed and turned into dust, during which time it flits about in this world, seeking to mingle with the living and to learn of their troubles; and in the hour of need it intercedes for them.

Ruah [translated ‘spirit’ in the KJV] enters paradise and there dons a likeness which is in the semblance of the body: that likeness being, as it were, a garment with which the spirit robes itself, so that it may enjoy the delights of paradise.

Neshamah [translated ‘breath’ in the KJV] ascends at once to her place, the region from whence she [note the feminine nature of this entity] emanated, and for her sake the light is kindled to shine above. She never again descends to earth. In her is consummated the One Who combines all sides, the upper and the lower. And as long as she has not ascended to be united with the Throne, the ruah [spirit] cannot crown itself in paradise, nor can the nephesh [soul] be at ease in its place; but when she ascends all the others find rest.”

I was aware of what the Bible teaches about the soul and spirit, as taught through the Hebrew terms nephesh [soul] and ruah [spirit], but I was not familiar with the term neshamah. However, upon further research, I learned that it is the Hebrew term used in the scripture where God breathed into Adam’s nostrils the “breath of life.” Neshamah is the term translated “breath” in Genesis 2:7:

“And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul” (Gen. 2:7).

The Hebrew for “breath of life” is neshamah ,nab (breath) and chai ohj (life). Now let’s see if we can get this straight. According to early Jewish scholars, what we call the soul is actually made up of three entities. The nephesh appears to be our human life-consciousness — similar to the life-consciousness of an animal. According to the Bible, animals also have a nephesh. But, as far as we can determine, an animal does not have a God-consciousness. That is where the neshamah comes in. That is the part that was breathed into us by God, Himself. The ruah (pronounced ruach) is the spirit that connects our neshamah to our nephesh. At least that is the theory espoused by the rabbis. They put it this way:

“The nephesh possesses in itself no light and cannot out of its own being engender it, and for this reason it is in close connection and deeply enmeshed with its body. The ruah rides upon the nephesh, dominates it, and enlightens it with supernal glory, as much as it can bear; this nephesh is the throne of its ruah. The neshamah produces the ruah, rules over it, and sheds upon it the light of life. The ruah depends entirely upon the neshamah and is lit up by its light and nourished by its celestial food, while the nephesh is similarly dependent on the ruah.”

Note the use of the term “light of life” possessed by the neshamah. It is the same terminology used of our Savior in the opening chapter of John’s Gospel:

“In him was life; and the life was the light of men.

“And the light shineth in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not.

“There was a man sent from God, whose name was John.

“The same came for a witness, to bear witness of the Light, that all men through him might believe.

“He was not that Light, but was sent to bear witness of that Light.

“That was the true Light, which lighteth every man that cometh into the world” (John 1:4-9).

Jesus possessed the light of the neshamah. How curious! Using this analogy, let us see if we can figure out just what happened to Adam when he sinned. God had told him that if he sinned, he would die. But we know that Adam did not die physically on the day he partook of the forbidden fruit. Christian theologians have long believed that it was the spirit of Adam that lost its fellowship with God and needed to be regenerated. That makes sense. It seems that the ruah was somehow impaired, severing the connection between the nephesh and the neshamah — between Adam’s life-consciousness and his God-consciousness. Thus, the fellowship was broken. God would no longer come down to walk in the Garden and visit with Adam in the cool of the day. Adam was driven from the Garden. Paradise was lost.

We have only to observe a natural unsaved man to understand this concept. The unsaved man has no comprehension of God’s marvelous work on his behalf. As far as most men are concerned, there is no God. Oh, he may give an intellectual explanation for the existence of some “man upstairs,” but he has no experience to back up his statement. A man must be regenerated by the Holy Spirit in order to absolutely know in his soul that there is a God caring for and watching over him. This could be what the Bible calls being “born again.” Something has to be “reborn” inside of us. That entity “reborn” is what the rabbis call the ruah.

A side note: the rabbis — those who do not believe in the triune Godhead (trinity) — do believe in the trinity of the human soul as three in one! This ancient commentary does not take into account the fact that Christ died and rose again. Their belief concerning the soul is stuck back in the days of the Old Testament, before salvation became available. In describing the nephesh [soul] of the dead, the rabbis said that it stayed with the body until it had decayed and the bones were parted. This may be the reason why Jews, in Bible days, buried their dead in caves rather than underground. Recent excavations of tombs in Jerusalem found that the bones of the departed were separated and stored in small coffins. Perhaps these bones were removed from the funerary slab and separated in an effort to free the soul for its journey to reunite with its ruah and neshamah.

According to the rabbis, the soul of the dead can be contacted:

“Now when the children of men are in sorrow or trouble, and repair to the graves of the departed, then the nephesh is awakened and it wanders forth and rouses the ruah, which in turn rouses the Patriarchs, and then the neshamah. Then the Holy One, blessed be He, takes pity on the world. This matter has already been explained, although the doctrine of the neshamah has been put in a somewhat different form; but it all amounts to the same, and what we have said is entirely correct.”

Perhaps this is why Jews congregate at the tomb of Abraham to pray. Somehow, they think Abraham might intercede.

The following commentary may explain why various ancient cultures believed in ghosts — departed spirits that appear to be locked into this plane of existence:

“Now if the neshamah is hindered from ascending to her rightful place, then the ruah, when it reaches the door of paradise, finds it barred, and it cannot enter and so roams about unnoticed and forlorn; and as for the nephesh, it wanders about the world and beholds the body which was once its home devoured by worms and suffering the judgment of the grave, and it mourns. Thus all suffer punishment, and so they remain until the neshamah is able to attain to her rightful sphere; for all three are one, forming one whole, united in a mystical bond, according to the prototype above, in which nephesh, ruah and neshamah constitute together one totality.”

It is obvious from this ancient Jewish teaching, that Judaism does not accept the fact that Adam sinned and caused the fall of the human race. They do not believe that men are born with fallen natures. Jews teach that every man is born with a clean slate. Since man is not a sinner, he does not need to be saved. In this theory, Jews leave no room for regeneration. They fail to understand that God told Adam, “But of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, thou shalt not eat of it: for in the day that thou eatest thereof thou shalt surely die” (Genesis 2:17).

It is our conviction that the spirit of Adam could only be regenerated by the Holy Spirit after the death and resurrection of Christ. This revival or regeneration occurs at the moment of conversion. This is why we are encouraged to become soul winners. This is why we are commanded to go into all the world and preach the Gospel to every creature. We believe that at the moment the sinner repents of sin, prays for forgiveness and trusts in Jesus Christ, his spirit is regenerated. The Holy Spirit endows that human spirit with eternal life.

Christianity believes that man is a trinity consisting of body, soul and spirit. The rabbis, on the other hand, do not take into account the body. They see a trinity in the soul alone — consisting of soul, spirit and the neshamah:

Similarly in man below, the three are one — yet separate. The neshamah ascends aloft to the fountain-head; the ruah enters paradise: and the nephesh finds rest in the grave. Thus there are three grades of the soul distinct one from another, although they form one bond and one mystery.

I am bothered by their assertion that the soul stays with the body in the grave until the flesh has turned to dust and the bones are separated. Most conservative Christian theologians teach that the soul of the saint ascends into heaven and that the soul of the sinner descends into hell.

In the final analysis, the rabbis believe the three entities of the soul finally get back together: “When that ruah ascends to be crowned within its neshamah which is above, the nephesh joins the ruah and receives illumination from it, which causes itself to shine, even as the moon borrows light from the sun. And that ruah then joins itself to the neshamah, and the neshamah unites herself with the Infinite.

“Thus is achieved harmony, peace and union. This constitutes the attainment of the rest and quietude of the nephesh, concerning which it is written: ‘But the soul (nephesh) of my lord shall be bound in the bundle of life with (aleph-tahv) the Lord thy God’ (I Samuel 25:29); that is to say, in the union symbolized by the aleph-tahv (signifying the union of all things). Blessed are the righteous who fear their Lord in this world, for they merit the threefold rest of saints in the world to come.”

Here is an interesting statement — the rabbis believe the reunited soul is “bound in the bundle of life with the aleph-tahv.” Though they do not recognize Jesus Christ as Messiah, Jesus, Himself, claimed to be the Aleph-Tahv, the Hebrew equivalent of the Alpha and Omega. They are actually saying that the soul that makes it to heaven enjoys fellowship with the Messiah.

This excursion into the realm of Jewish thinking about the soul still leaves us with the mystery of the human brain and its connection with consciousness — the sense of being in the here and now. The TIME article drew this conclusion:

“Does this mean that science is on the verge of understanding consciousness? Not necessarily. The notion that the human mind can ever fully comprehend the human mind could well be folly. It may be that scientists will eventually have to acknowledge the existence of something beyond their ken — something that might be described as the soul.”

Ghosts and Spirits

Reports abound throughout the centuries about people seeing strange, dimly-lit wisps of vapor-like images of people who have died. Are these “ghosts” merely figments of imagination? Or are they actually glimpses across the dimensional plane where the spirits of those people continue their existence? The Bible tells us about Jesus casting demons out of people. Is it possible that other intelligent entities can actually enter into a person and cause them mental or emotional problems? If so, and I have no doubt as to its reality, then those demonic spirits must exist in another dimension rather than coming from another galaxy or distant star system.

Out of the Body Experiences

Nature magazine, September 19, 2002, reported that neuroscientist Olaf Blanke, at the Geneva University Hospital, in Switzerland, was able to bring about an out-of-body experience through electrical stimulation of the right angular gyrus in the temporal lobe of a 43 year-old woman suffering from severe epileptic seizures.

With the first mild stimulation, she felt she was “sinking into the bed” or “falling from a height.” With more intense stimulation, she said she could “see myself lying in bed, from above, but I only see my legs and lower trunk.” Another trial induced “an instantaneous feeling of lightness and floating about six feet above the bed, close to the ceiling.”

For centuries, man’s mysterious brain has been capable of encountering other worldly experiences through prayer, meditation, or the influence of drugs. Mystics have told of having a “third eye” capable of clairvoyant perception, seeing ghosts and reading minds. But now, science has discovered a breakthrough in the production of such experiences. According to the first-century Jewish historian, Flavius Josephus, this forbidden territory awaits the death of every person. The righteous travel through a tunnel of light to the gate of the nether world, where angels escort them to Paradise. But the wicked arrive at the gate, only to be dragged away by demons into torment.

There are many stories about people who have dropped into a dream-state, left their bodies and traveled to other places. Do you believe this is possible? If you deny its possibility, then I would like for you to consider a man named Paul, who tells of such an experience as he lay dying outside the city walls of Lystra:

“It is not expedient for me doubtless to glory. I will come to visions and revelations of the Lord.

“I knew a man in Christ above fourteen years ago, (whether in the body, I cannot tell; or whether out of the body, I cannot tell: God knoweth;) such an one caught up to the third heaven.

“And I knew such a man, (whether in the body, or out of the body, I cannot tell: God knoweth;)

“How that he was caught up into paradise, and heard unspeakable words, which it is not lawful for a man to utter” (II Cor. 12:1-4).

After being stoned and taken up for dead, he revived and lived to tell about this incredible adventure. Yes, there is another world nearby, into which we can step when our physical brains begin to shut down and our bodies begin to die.

Near Death Experiences

There are hundreds of recorded testimonies from people who have died, and later been resuscitated. Many tell of leaving their bodies, seeing the team of doctors and nurses working over them, traveling through a tunnel, and seeing a bright light at the other end of it. There are too many independent accounts of the same tunnel and same light for it to be a mere figment of the imagination. Nor could it simply be a chemical reaction in the brain. Those who have been there claim to have seen and talked with others who are there — Jesus, their relatives, etc. Their conversations are too similar, too dynamic, and too knowledgeable to be the result of simple chemical changes in the physical conditions of their brains.

Josephus’ Description of

Death and After

Perhaps the best extra-biblical account of the other world that exists just beyond our mental comprehension was given by the first-century Jewish historian, Flavius Josephus. It is quite similar to the descriptions of the tunnel or heavenly hallway awaiting our souls:

“There is one descent into this region, at whose gate we believe there stands an archangel with an host; which gate when those pass through that are conducted down by the angels appointed over souls; they do not go the same way; but the just are guided to the right hand, and are led with hymns, sung by the angels appointed over that place unto a region of light, in which the just have dwelt from the beginning of the world; not constrained by necessity, but ever enjoying the prospect of the good things they see, and rejoice in the expectation of those new enjoyments, which will be peculiar to every one of them, and esteeming those things beyond what we have here; with whom there is no place of toil, no burning heat, no piercing cold, nor are any briers there; but the countenance of the fathers and of the just, which they see always smiles upon them, while they wait for that rest and eternal new life in heaven, which is to succeed this region. This place we call the Bosom of Abraham.

“But as to the unjust, they are dragged by force to the left hand by the angels allotted for punishment, no longer going with a good-will, but as prisoners driven by violence; to whom are sent the angels appointed over them to reproach them and threaten them with their terrible looks, and to thrust them still downwards. Now those angels that are set over these souls, drag them into the neighborhood of hell itself; who, when they are hard by it, continually hear the noise of it, and do not stand clear of the hot vapor itself; but when they have a nearer view of this spectacle, as of a terrible and exceeding great prospect of fire, they are struck with a fearful expectation of a future judgment, and in effect punished thereby; and not only so, but where they see the place of the fathers and of the just, even hereby are they punished; for a chaos deep and large is fixed between them; insomuch that a just man that hath compassion upon them cannot be admitted, nor can one that is unjust, if he were bold enough to attempt it, pass over it.

“This is the discourse concerning Hades, wherein the souls of all men are confined until a proper season, which God hath determined, when he will make a resurrection of all men from the dead, not procuring a transmigration of souls from one body to another, but raising again those very bodies, which you Greeks, seeing to be dissolved, do not believe; but learn not to disbelieve it; for while you believe that the soul is created, and yet is made immortal by God, according to the doctrine of Plato, and this in time, be not incredulous; but believe that God is able, when he hath raised to life that body which was made as a compound of the same elements, to make it immortal; for it must never be said of God, that he is able to do some things, and unable to do others. We have therefore believed that the body will be raised again; for although it be dissolved, it is not perished; for the earth receives its remains, and preserves them; and while they are like seed and are mixed among the more fruitful soil, they flourish and what is sown is indeed sown bare grain; but at the mighty sound of God the Creator, it will sprout up, and be raised in a clothed and glorious condition, though not before it has been dissolved, and mixed with the earth, So that we have not rashly believed the resurrection of the body; for although it be dissolved for a time on account of the original transgression, it exists still, and is cast into the earth as into a potters furnace, in order to be formed again, not in order to rise again such as it was before, but in a state of purity, and so as never to be destroyed any more; and to everybody shall its own soul be restored; and when it hath clothed itself with that body, it will not be subject to misery, but being itself pure, it will continue with its pure body, and rejoice with it, with which it having walked righteously now in this world, and never having had it as a snare, it will receive it again with great gladness; but as for the unjust, they will receive their bodies not changed, but with the same diseases wherein they died, and such as they were in their unbelief, the same shall they be when they shall be faithfully judged.

“For all men, the just as well as the unjust, shall be brought before God the Word; for to him hath the Father committed all judgment; and he in order to fulfill the will of his Father shall come as judge, whom we call Christ….

“… the just shall remember only their righteous actions whereby they have attained the heavenly kingdom, in which there is no sleep, no sorrow, no corruption, no care, no night, no day measured by time, no sun driven in his course along the circle of heaven by necessity; and measuring out the hounds and conversions of the seasons, for the better illumination of the life of men; no moon decreasing and increasing, or introducing a variety of seasons, nor will she then moisten the earth; no burning sun, no Bear turning round [the pole], no Orion to rise, no wandering of innumerable stars. The earth will not then be difficult to be passed over, nor will it be hard to find out the court of Paradise, nor will there be any fearful roaring of the sea, forbidding the passengers to walk on it; even that will be made easily passable to the just, though it will not be void of moisture. Heaven will not then be uninhabitable by men; and it will not be impossible to discover the way of ascending thither. The earth will not be uncultivated, nor require too much labor of men, but will bring forth its fruits of its own accord, and will be well adorned with them.”

There are two things of particular interest predicted by Josephus. First, he said, “nor will it be hard to find out the court of Paradise….” In other words, we shall someday possess the technology of trans-dimensional travel. We will be able to slide to and from this plane of existence into paradise, the dimension in which angelic creatures live, and return.

Secondly, Josephus said, “Heaven will not then be uninhabitable by men; and it will not be impossible to discover the way of ascending thither.” We have already begun to see man’s first attempts beyond the gravitational pull of planet Earth. We have sent men to the moon and robots to Mars. We are presently exploring the planets. But, when the souls who have died, have been resurrected with immortal bodies, and the church has been translated, we will all return with Christ possessing the knowledge and technology to travel across the universe! In our modern age, with new discoveries being made almost every day, perhaps it’s time we attempted to understand the concepts of those ancient mysteries, which lie just beyond our present comprehension.

 

The Human Brain: Home of the Soul, Part 1

By on April 11, 2011

The Human Brain: Home of the Soul (Part 1)
Chapter Eleven (Part One)

What makes the human brain such an elusive and mysterious machine? Over the past century, it has been the subject of a barrage of scientific investigation. Yet, no one has been able to discover its secrets. The pathologist who did the autopsy on Albert Einstein, kept his brain. Presently, it is being preserved in Wichita, Kansas. However, Einstein’s brain contains the same cellular structure as that of any other brain. No one has discovered anything different.

Albert Einstein was recognized as the most incredible genius of the twentieth century. What ability did he possess that ordinary men are lacking? Where did his knowledge come from? How did he come up with the theory of relativity, the formula for the atomic bomb, or the mechanics of television? There are more questions than answers. Why did men fail to comprehend various fields of scientific design before the nineteenth and twentieth centuries? Earlier generations were mentally chained to the proverbial horse and buggy. Only in this era has mankind begun to advance in the disciplines of science and technology.

Revelation or Discovery?

The answer, if there is a simple answer, lies within the pages of the Bible. For example, Moses wrote: “The secret things belong unto the LORD our God: but those things which are revealed belong unto us and to our children” (Deut. 29:29). Whether or not the scientific community can accept it, many brilliant scientific discoveries have come from Jews. It appears that they really are a “chosen” people. It seems that technology is not simply discovered. It is revealed.

There are also verses that indicate God is able to close off certain areas of human knowledge — to make it impossible for man to understand what Deity does not want to be known. Isaiah was informed of God’s ability to do this. God instructed him:

“Go, and tell this people, Hear ye indeed, but understand not; and see ye indeed, but perceive not.

“Make the heart of this people fat, and make their ears heavy, and shut their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their heart, and convert, and be healed” (Isaiah 6:9,10).

This became a major theme throughout the Bible. Man is spiritually blind to certain eternal truths. His mental capacity to comprehend can be inhibited. Concerning the subject of prophecy, God told Daniel: “But thou, O Daniel, shut up the words, and seal the book, even to the time of the end: many shall run to and fro, and knowledge shall be increased” (Daniel 12:4).

For many centuries, mankind stumbled in the darkness of human frustration. Only in recent centuries has there been such an explosion of knowledge. So, why is this true? Were our ancestors so ignorant they could not figure out how to make an automobile, an airplane, a radio or television? Since the dawn of the Industrial Age, men have soared beyond the limits of normal human comprehension. The ancient Romans knew about steam, gears, and pistons, but could not put them together to make an engine.

As a child, I sat in front of an old Crosley radio on Sunday afternoons, listening to the “Green Hornet” and the “Shadow.” I would watch that little green eye at the top of the dial and wish for the day when I could see the Green Hornet nab those crooks. Television was only a dream in some laboratory.

Today, I am sitting in front of a sophisticated computer screen, writing and composing layouts for books and magazines. Our entire weekly television program is produced on another computer! Is this incredible or what!? Who are we, anyway? Why was the Bible able to predict that a day would come when knowledge would increase? What made Albert Einstein so smart?

Is Genius a Function of the Brain?

 

Today, there are about 25 individuals who possess the ability to calculate math faster than an electronic calculator. These people can multiply five digit numbers by five digit numbers, yet cannot tell you how they do it. Some of them have been brain damaged on the left side of the brain, somehow allowing the right side of their brain a special ability to perform great feats.

In the case of Derek Paravicini, he can play any song on a piano after hearing it only one time. Is he a genius? He has an IQ of 40. Several of the math geniuses have Intelligent Quotients that range below 50. How can this be? Where does their ability come from? Just what is the brain? And how does it function?

My conclusion is that man is an eternal soul living with a spirit inside the human brain. Before sitting down to write this article, I explored my consciousness to discover just where I exist within my body.

I could find no consciousness in the lower parts of my body — such as my hands or feet. All of my thoughts seem to be coming from within my brain. It appears that I am a soul confined to an area just behind and above my eyes. My eyes are windows and my ears are the doors to my soul and spirit.

What Does the Bible Say?

Knowledge is said to be a function of the spirit, while emotion is identified with the soul. According to the Bible, there is a difference between the two. The writer of Hebrews declared:

“For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart” (Hebrews 4:12).

Isaiah wrote: “With my soul have I desired thee in the night; yea, with my spirit within me will I seek thee early: for when thy judgments are in the earth, the inhabitants of the world will learn righteousness” (Isaiah 26:9). In this verse, we are told that desire (an emotion) comes from the soul and that the spirit seeks to connect us with an eternal dimension.

Later, Isaiah wrote: “Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles” (Isaiah 42:1). In this verse, Isaiah tells us that delight (an emotion) is a function of the soul. God’s soul is pleased and His Spirit is “put upon” or connected to the Messiah.

Soulwinning is at the heart of the Gospel: “What if a man gain the whole world and lose his own soul?” (Mark 8:36).

The Great Spirit Guide

Jesus taught His disciples about the work of the Holy Spirit: “Howbeit when he, the Spirit of truth, is come, he will guide you into all truth: for he shall not speak of himself; but whatsoever he shall hear, that shall he speak: and he will show you things to come” (John 16:13). The purpose of the Holy Spirit is to connect us to a storehouse of knowledge. He is a guide to convey to us what is true. What He hears, He delivers to us.

However, the unsaved cannot understand. There is something about the unregenerate person that simply cannot fathom eternal things. The Apostle Paul wrote:

“But the natural man receiveth not the things of the Spirit of God: for they are foolishness unto him: neither can he know them, because they are spiritually discerned” (I Cor. 2:14).

Heavenly concepts can only be spiritually discerned. The soul and spirit need a special infusion from the Holy Spirit. It is something unexplainable in human terms. It can only be understood by experience.

The apostle Paul explained the difference between a soul and a spirit: “And so it is written, The first man Adam was made a living soul; the last Adam was made a quickening spirit” (I Cor. 15:45).

We know that God made Adam from “… the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul” (Gen. 2:7). On the other hand, we are told that Jesus was a “quickening spirit” — the very source of eternal life.

There must be a difference between soul and spirit. Your individuality is wrapped up in your soul. It is the seat of your will and emotions. You are both soul and spirit. However, other spirits can enter your mind and dwell with you. We are told to “try the spirits whether they are of God” (I John 4:1). And the Holy Spirit can dwell in the believer, as well.

Now comes the difficult part. What I am about to say cannot be proven. It is, of necessity, a conjecture. But, without at least some knowledge of the spirit, mankind is left groping for answers. There are so many questions: How is memory retrieved? Why do some people remember things from long ago, but not short term? Allow me to suggest the following: The spirit appears to be connected to a conduit that allows the brain access to a storehouse of knowledge located beyond this dimension. It possesses both the conduit and the energy source that funnels knowledge to and from the files of your memory. It is my feeling that the brain is not the only repository of memory. Otherwise, when the brain dies, both memory and consciousness would cease to exist.

When the believer prays, that prayer is instantly recorded in heaven. It does not have to be transmitted to some distant galaxy. Prayer does not ride upon some electronic signal emitted by a 10,000-watt transmitter. Our brains are not transmitters. Yet, something links us to an eternal source, located we know not where, to provide God the opportunity to communicate with us continually. The brain must contain some kind of translator (similar to a computer modem) connected by the “spirit” to a gigantic storage facility in heaven. Every thought you think and every image you see is being recorded. At the judgment, you will face the consequences of those thoughts.

In the Bible, we are told about the physical appearance of the Holy Spirit. He is described as a pillar of cloud by day and fire by night. In other words, He offers a connection between heaven and Earth, between God and man — an energy source that communicates between the two. Rabbis say that in Bible days, the Shekinah looked like a shaft of fire ascending from the Holy of holies as far up as the eye could see. Wind could not move it around like normal smoke. It was locked into a vertical shaft.

On the day of Pentecost, the Holy Spirit had the appearance of “… cloven tongues like as of fire.” Note that this “tongue” or language is a communicator. God’s Spirit comes to live with the soul/spirit in the brain of the believer — to provide a communication link between the body and our trans-dimensional source of eternal life.

Are We a Bio Computer?

According to Decision Development Corporation, in their course on computer programming, “Computer scientists and bio-engineers are trying to grow computer chips, using protein and enzyme compounds. The chips resulting from this process are called biochips.” They further suggest, “The biochip will be able to process information at speeds many times faster than current silicon chips. As a storage or memory unit, a biochip measuring 1”x1”x1” (one cubic inch) could hold all of the computer storage in existence today.”

They say, “The potential for biochips is mind-boggling, even a bit scary. The idea is that scientists may some day be able to implant a chip in the human brain to achieve instant knowledge. If biochips can be taught to learn, it may even be possible to implant one in an expert’s brain. There it would absorb everything that person knows. It could then be removed, reproduced, and re-implanted in another person’s brain. That person would then have all the same knowledge the source expert had. A simple operation could turn an uneducated person into a doctor or a nuclear scientist!”

They further suggest, “If all this seems a bit too much like the tale of Dr. Frankenstein’s monster, look at some of the other truly positive uses of biochips. The blind might be given sight; the deaf might hear; those with handicaps caused by brain damage might be restored to full use of their minds and bodies. Some researchers believe that basic biochip storage will [soon] be possible … more exotic uses shortly thereafter.”

The above statements were published in 1990. So where is this so-called biochip? This technical breakthrough has not yet come. If the brain is only a sophisticated computer, such a breakthrough might someday be possible. But, the chance of our brains operating on the same principle, as a bio-computer is mighty slim. Today, mechanical ears can be connected to human brains, allowing the deaf to hear; and video cameras can be connected to brains, allowing the blind to experience a semblance of vision; but so far, the brain cannot talk back to a machine. With all of the research on the brain over the past several decades, no one has yet to tap into the auditory or visual areas and connect them to speakers or television monitors — much less the memory areas.

How Is Memory Erased?

People are put through Magnetic Imaging Machines (MRI) every day and no one has had their memories erased yet. On the door to the MRI room, a sign warns that all credit cards, computer disks, cassette tapes, knives, watches and anything else made of metal must not be taken into the room where that giant magnet pulses. Though the cells of our bodies can be polarized by magnetism and the iron in our blood be affected, it appears that our brains do not operate in a magnetic sphere.

But the brain does react to chemicals. There are many “forbidden fruits” that can affect the brain. No wonder God told Adam and Eve not to eat forbidden fruit. It was certain to affect the functions of the brain.

I do not believe men will ever be able to build a computer using so-called biochips. The brain is a far more mysterious machine. What lives there (namely, our soul/spirit) is not the product of a computer program.

Where Did We Come From?

So where did we come from? Did my soul develop along with my body following conception? Or did I previously exist? Was I assigned to live in my body for a seventy-year sojourn (give or take a few years) in this world? Before getting too involved with this discussion, let me assure you that I am only probing the possibilities. My thoughts are not set in stone. So, come with me, if you dare, and enter a no-man’s-land of exploration! Careful now, we are walking on holy ground!

Solomon once wrote about what happens when we die:

“Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was: and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it (Eccl. 12:7).

Solomon wrote that the body returns to dust and the spirit returns to God, but he did not mention the soul. We know only that God breathed a living soul into the body formed from dust: “And the LORD God formed man of the dust of the ground, and breathed into his nostrils the breath of life; and man became a living soul (Genesis 2:7).

We are told that Adam’s soul was imparted with the breath of God. In Hebrew, the term for “soul” is nephesh; the term for “breath” is nashamah; and the term for “spirit” is ruah (pronounced “ruach”). We shall review these three entities later. According to the Talmud, Yevamoth (E), there are a limited number of souls in the Guf (lit. “body”), a region of unborn souls. Rabbi Assi said, “The Son of David will not come before all the souls in the Guf are disposed of, since it is said, ‘For the spirit that enwrappeth itself is from Me, and the souls which I have made.’” When God has used all of the souls in store, the resurrection will occur. We do not know that this is the case, only that this is a concept in Judaism.

On the other hand, the spirit seems to fill a different role from the soul. The spirit connects our souls to a storehouse of information in heaven and communicates between the two. Solomon wrote that, upon death, “the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.” If the spirit “returns” to God, then it must have come from God. Therefore, it is possible that the spirit also pre-existed — that it is given to a newly conceived person for a guide during his or her lifetime. At death, the spirit returns to God. For that reason, it seems possible that the spirit could be given another assignment. I am not referring to reincarnation as the general subject is understood. The rabbis have a term called “the recycling of the spirit.” So, what if the spirit of a person who has died could be reassigned to guide another soul? Would not that soul then have some of the advantages of the previous person’s storehouse of knowledge and experience? That may not be common, but seemed to be the case with John the Baptist.

When he was yet in his mother’s womb (at six months after conception), he leaped for joy when he heard Mary’s voice. Gabriel had told Zechariah that his son would “… be filled with the Holy Ghost, even from his mother’s womb…. And he shall go before him in the spirit and power of Elias …” (Luke 1:15,17).

Was the spirit of Elijah, through the power of the Holy Spirit, assigned to John’s brain? We are not told that it was the soul of Elijah, but rather the spirit of the great prophet that brought about the fulfillment of Malachi’s prophecy: “Behold, I will send you Elijah the prophet before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD” (Malachi 4:5). Furthermore, in passing, we should note that the spirit of Elijah seemed to be a source of “power.”

Elijah was not reincarnated as John. That is why the Baptist denied being Elijah: “And they asked him, What then? Art thou Elias? And he saith, I am not” (John 1:21). Yet, our Savior made it clear that the spirit of Elijah provided John with the fulfillment of Malachi’s prophecy: “And if ye will receive it, this is Elias, which was for to come” (Matthew 11:14).

It was not the soul of Elijah, but his spirit/power that guided John, allowing both statements to be correct. Jesus was right to say that John was the fulfillment of the promise that Elijah “was for to come.” Also, John was right in saying that he was not Elijah. Furthermore, God’s Holy Spirit resided in John. Strange as it may seem, more than one spirit can have access to a person’s brain. The indwelling of the Holy Spirit is a common doctrine in this dispensation, but the technology of such a thing is still difficult to comprehend.

Perhaps the spirit can tap into the memory storage of another — like Elijah guiding John — and allow that person access (albeit controlled) to the knowledge and experience of someone living beyond our space/time continuum.

Could this explain how Elisha had access to the mind of the king of Syria? In II Kings 6, the king of Syria thought that he had a spy among his closest advisors. It seemed that his every plot for capturing the king of Israel was foiled. Syria’s king complained that someone was telling Israel’s king about his every move:

“And one of his servants said, None, my lord, O king: but Elisha, the prophet that is in Israel, telleth the king of Israel the words that thou speakest in thy bedchamber” (II Kings 6:12).

How was Elisha able to know what Syria’s king was thinking, if he didn’t have access to his thoughts? Did he know by clairvoyance? Could he probe the Syrian king’s brain? I don’t think so. But the king’s every thought was also being recorded in heaven’s great storage facility. Perhaps Elisha had the help of either an angel or a spirit who could tap the king’s database. This is only a conjecture, but such a concept could give us a logical explanation for this phenomenon.

Was the Silicon Chip

Simply Discovered?

The biochip will probably never work. It would have to be maintained in a perfect environment — not too hot, not too cold — it would have to be fed — and someday would die of old age. But the silicon chip is made from sand, the same basic building block used in making man. The silicon chip has no liquid parameters to confine its use. Furthermore, the silicon chip is considered to be the very heart and mind of the computer. Its discovery changed the course of history. Was it simply discovered? Did some scientist wake up one day with an idea that sand could replace the vacuum tube? Was the idea planted in the mind of the scientist by a spirit-connection from beyond? Or, as some have suggested, was it reverse engineered from “alien” technology?

Reverse Engineering

Our government’s military establishment has revealed some rather exotic technology in recent years. There are rumors that some technologies may have been reverse engineered from a captured UFO — alien technology. One of the more famous breakthroughs was the transistor, produced by the Bell Laboratories in the late 1950s. The vacuum tube quickly became obsolete. It used to take six or twelve volts to heat the early radio tube’s cathode and hundreds of volts to operate its grids and plate. The high voltages used by tubes were soon replaced with micro-voltages used by the silicon chip. Today, the average computerized wristwatch runs for five years on a small battery the size of a button.

Did Bell Laboratories actually discover the diode, transistor and silicon chip? Or were they given a piece of UFO technology from which to decipher these electronic marvels of our age? I am told that when Bell Laboratories first applied for a patent on the transistor, they did not produce the research data to prove they had invented it. It was only after the Patent Office refused to grant a patent unless they came up with the necessary documentation, that Bell Lab put together the requested forms. Did they have to concoct those forms?

What about printed circuit boards? Who really came up with the idea of miniaturized wiring? The first ENIAC computer, built for the army in the early 1940s, contained 18,000 vacuum tubes and half a million hand-soldered connections. It took up 800 square feet of floor space and weighed 30 tons. It could do 5,000 additions or 300 multiplications-per-second. That same technology can now be held in the palm of your hand. So where did the development of printed circuits actually come from? I have read reports from engineers who claimed to have inspected captured UFOs. One report, dated in the early 1950s, described small wafers with hair-sized webs running from one miniature box to another — not made of metal wires, but transparent — like glass or plastic wires. Who ever heard of electronic information flowing through transparent strands of plastic instead of metal wires? But today, it is commonplace.

What about laser technology? Was it discovered? — or back-engineered from alien technology? Recently, I read a lecture by the late Bill Schnieder, geologist and structural engineer. I cannot confirm the authenticity of this strange report, but he said our government has built hundreds of underground cities — from one to two miles underground. He said that a tunneling device, developed by our government, can cut a tunnel through solid rock at the rate of seven miles a day, using laser technology. If modern technology is solely the result of scientific research, then why were not at least some of our more elementary discoveries made a thousand years ago? I suggest that men did not think of it a thousand years ago because God did not want us to think of it until He was ready for us to have it.

Is there a whole other world, set in a nearby (but different) dimension, from which man derives advanced technology? Are we actually the products of that other dimension? Are angels and demons actually human-like entities who live in that other dimension with the capability of slipping in and out of this dimension at will? Do they have the capability of communicating directly with our brains? Can demons insert evil thoughts and temptations? Can angels insert reasons for avoiding those temptations? Why not? If our brains contain translators, connected somehow to a computer-like trans-dimensional entity, then it would be feasible to receive an idea or thought from beyond this space-time continuum — similar to your computer receiving an e-mail from someone half-a-world away via the worldwide web.

One famous inventor was asked how he came up with his ideas, to which he replied that he dreamed them while asleep. Was the technology (accredited to him) simply fed to him by beings from another dimension?

Reverse Engineering the Bible

Modern studies of the Bible can only conclude that its authorship comes from a vastly superior intellect — from beyond this world. The many discoveries that have been made in the Scriptures over the past century may be a type of reverse engineering. Theologians may not be discovering anything after all. Instead, we may be receiving supernatural revelations on this divine document, written over a period of 1,500 years, the last of which was written 2,000 years ago. Are we really finding incredible designs that could not have been produced by mere humans? Or, is this like an Easter egg hunt, where someone is saying, “Look here! You’re getting warm! Warmer! Hot!” And we find it. Sure. Just like our children used to find Easter eggs! No, they didn’t discover those Easter eggs, we led them to each find.

How could the Psalms have been collected in such a way as to allude to the events surrounding the Jews in this century? As one reads the Psalms, it is obvious that they are prophetic in nature and that they tell of the end of Israel’s long exile. Rabbinical commentaries, written hundreds of years ago, say that the Psalms tell of a time when the Jews will return to their land, welcome the Messiah and set up the world kingdom that was promised to them by God.

So, who placed the Psalms in the Bible as the 19th book counting from Genesis and the 48th book counting back from Revelation? Was it just a coincidence that Israel was reborn in 1948? Who placed the prophetic suggestion of Israel’s rebirth in Psalm 48? Whoever inspired the Psalms, must have done so from another dimension! Modern biblical studies provide us with examples of spiritual guidance from beyond this dimension. Something more than just mental processes seem to be going on. There must be more to the brain than is contained within the skull. υ